TITLE

Evaluation of a Changing Criterion Intervention to Increase Fluent Responding with an Elementary Age Student with Autism

AUTHOR(S)
Fienup, Daniel M.; Doepke, Karla
PUB. DATE
July 2008
SOURCE
International Journal of Behavioral Consultation & Therapy;Jul2008, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p297
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Fluency training focuses on increasing the speed of accurate responding (Martens & Witt, 2004). This research was conducted with an elementary aged boy diagnosed with autism who responded accurately, but slowly to calendar and time related questions. Set in a public school, the student's personal aide was trained to make rewards contingent on quick, or fluent, responding. Using a changing criterion design the number of consecutive fluent responses required to earn a reward was systematically increased. At the beginning of the study the student was engaged 10 consecutive discrete trials (Lovaas, 1987) during a session and responding was slow. By the end of the study the student was engaged for 12 consecutive trials and was responding to each question fluently, within 3-seconds. The design of the study allows for causal statements to be made about the effects of contingent rewards on the student's fluent responding.
ACCESSION #
35654053

 

Related Articles

  • The persistence of the fluency-confidence association in problem solving. Ackerman, Rakefet; Zalmanov, Hagar // Psychonomic Bulletin & Review;Dec2012, Vol. 19 Issue 6, p1187 

    Confidence in answers is known to be sensitive to the fluency with which answers come to mind. One aspect of fluency is response latency. Latency is often a valid cue for accuracy, showing an inverse relationship with both accuracy rates and confidence. The present study examined the independent...

  • Diabetes Slows Some Aspects of Cognitive Function.  // Spa Management;Dec2009, Vol. 19 Issue 12, p43 

    The article discusses research being done on diabetes and cognitive function. It references a study by Sophie E. Yeung et al, published in the January 2009 issue of "Neuropsychology." The researchers considered diabetic men and women with ages 55 to 81 years old. They discovered that the...

  • Weak Links in Foreign-Language Teaching. Amann, William F. // Journal of Higher Education;Nov1947, Vol. 18 Issue 8, p429 

    The article discusses the loopholes in foreign language teaching. Materialistic evaluation of academic subjects is said to be one of the reasons why the course has been unsuccessful. Failure of instructors to recognize the specific needs of students as well as cheap professional advertising and...

  • EFL teachers' perception of the concept of communicative competence. Nazari, Ahmad // ELT Journal: English Language Teaching Journal;Jul2007, Vol. 61 Issue 3, p202 

    This study briefly reviews Chomsky's and Hymes' ideas on competence and links them to Dubin's notions of autonomous and ideological communicative competence. Based on interviews with high school EFL teachers, the study hypothesizes that some of these teachers have an indistinct view about...

  • Effect of response effort on secondary reward value. Armus, Harvard L. // Psychological Reports;Feb99, Vol. 84 Issue 1, p323 

    Assesses whether increasing the effort required to make a response would increase the reward value of a secondary reward stimulus that was paired with the primary reward. Application of the concept of cognitive dissonance to situations involving variations in the effort involved in performing a...

  • Holes.  // Scholastic Action;4/18/2003, Vol. 26 Issue 13, p8 

    Presents a script adapted from the Walt Disney Pictures/Walden Media screenplay 'Holes,' by Louis Sachar, to enhance the reading skills and fluency of students.

  • Fluency Workout.  // Scholastic Action;2/28/2005, Vol. 28 Issue 10, p8 

    Presents an exercise on fluency with question marks and exclamation points.

  • WORD WORKOUT.  // Scholastic Action;11/13/2006, Vol. 30 Issue 5/6, p7 

    The article presents the definition and synonyms of several words used in the articles published within the November 13-27, 2006 issue of the periodical "Scholastic Action," which is aimed at improving the fluency and verbal ability of students.

  • SPEED RACER.  // Scholastic Action;5/12/2008, Vol. 31 Issue 14, p8 

    The article presents a readers theater play designed to improve fluency in students.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics