A review of the properties and hazards of some alternative fuels

Astbury, G. R.
November 2008
Process Safety & Environmental Protection: Transactions of the I;Nov2008, Vol. 86 Issue 6, p397
Academic Journal
The drive to find alternative fuels to replace such hydrocarbons as diesel and petrol has resulted in a plethora of different fuels--few of which are commercially available in significant quantities. As fuels, by their very nature, must be flammable, the fire, explosion and ignition properties will need to be known. Types of alternative fuels available are described and their ignition and explosion hazards with reference to existing commonly used fuels are discussed. The properties of 13 alternative fuels are given. Of all these alternative fuels, almost all have properties which are similar to those of existing types of fuels, and therefore the technology required to handle them is already well known and available. Hydrogen is the one exception--its ignition and combustion properties are quite different from those of conventional fuels, and hence the specific difficulties and hazards associated with the use of hydrogen are highlighted. Much existing technology is not applicable to hydrogen and there are many areas where adequate knowledge or data is not available. The area of most concern is that hydrogen appears to be prone to ignite spontaneously when released from high pressure, but there is as yet no rigorous scientific explanation for this. Further work is required to obtain greater knowledge of the properties, behaviour and safe use of hydrogen, as this is most likely to be "fuel of the future".


Related Articles

  • Stabilization of mild hydrocracking products. Analysis of the scheme and optimization of the process regime. Gareev, R. // Chemistry & Technology of Fuels & Oils;Jul2008, Vol. 44 Issue 4, p220 

    The causes that prevent complete separation of diesel fuel cuts in mild hydrocracking of vacuum gasoil are examined. Use of structured packing is proposed for ensuring complete separation of these cuts.

  • SCHEME OF TECHNOLOGY FOR CONGRUENT DEHYDRATION OF BIOETHANOL IN SEMI-DRY WAY. Bremers, Gunars; Birzietis, Gints; Blija, Anita; Danilevics, Aleksejs; Skele, Arnolds // Engineering for Rural Development - International Scientific Con;2011, p244 

    Pure rapeseed oil is an environmentally friendly alternative fuel. Its production and storing processes are not toxic for flora and fauna. One of the problems to use rapeseed oil as a biofuel is its higher melting point in comparison with fossil diesel fuel. If the length of the fatty acids...

  • EWOLUCJA STOSOWANIA PALIWA GAZOWEGO DO NAPĘDU POJAZDÓW SAMOCHODOWYCH I ZWIÄ„ZANE Z TYM ZAGROÅ»ENIA DLA UÅ»YTKOWNIKA. Zgodziński, Tomasz // Safety & Fire Technique / Bezpieczenstwo i Technika Pozarnicza;2012, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p53 

    In the article there was presented a history of gas fuel and gas installations in cars running on LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) and CNG (Natural Gas) used as alternative diesel fuel in motorization. In the article there were also discussed basic data concerning the construction, gas properties...

  • Biodiesel: a small slice of the petro pie. De Guzman, Doris // ICIS Chemical Business Americas;9/18/2006, Vol. 270 Issue 10, p46 

    The article reports that despite the huge investments in biodiesel projects, the biodiesel industry will never replace the petroleum-based diesel fuels industry. The claim was made by Kline & Company director Geeta Agashe. The present biodiesel capacity in the U.S. will only satisfy 15 percent...

  • Study of the Correlation between the Chemical Structure of Biodiesel and their Respective Cetane Number. Nadai, Diogo V.; Miranda, Paulo C. M. L.; Gatts, Carlos E. N. // International Review of Chemical Engineering - Rapid Communicati;Nov2009, Vol. 1 Issue 6, p598 

    The cetane number (CN) is one of the most important quality indicators of the diesel. Its experimental determination, however, may be a lengthy and expensive task. When it comes to biodiesel, the availability of data in the literature is also scarce. In this work we search for the correlation...

  • Engine Emissions and Performances with Alternative Biodiesels: A Review. Pillay, A. E.; Fok, S. C.; Elkadi, M.; Stephen, S.; Manuel, J.; Khan, M. Z.; Unnithan, S. // Journal of Sustainable Development;Apr2012, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p59 

    Smoke opacity, CO, NOx and other engine emissions can vary appreciably with the use of biodiesels obtained from different feedstock. Biofuel density, viscosity and bulk modulus are linked to engine performance and emissions. This paper represents an up-to-date review of engine performances and...

  • Relationships among the physical properties of biodiesel and engine fuel system design requirement. Narayana Rao, G.Lakshmi; Ramadhas, A. S.; Nallusamy, N.; Sakthivel, P. // International Journal of Energy & Environment;2010, Issue 5, p919 

    Biodiesel, an alternative fuel can be used in diesel engines as neat or blended with diesel. The physiochemical properties of fuel are important in design of fuel system for compression ignition engines run on diesel, biodiesel or biodiesel blends. Biodiesel (B100) standards specify the limit...

  • Chicago area terminal offers 24/7 biodiesel. Truini, Joe // Waste News;10/23/2006, Vol. 12 Issue 13, p15 

    The article reports that Gulf Hydrocarbon Inc. has opened an automated wholesale distribution biodiesel terminal in Hammond, Illinois which will function 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Ron Richardson, Gulf Hydrocarbon's distribution specialist said that it gives retail gas stations easier...

  • Swedish Urban Transport Model Powered by Biomethane. Żółtowski, Andrzej // Logistics & Transport;2019, Vol. 41 Issue 1, p137 

    In the recent years, the European Community has been implementing a plan to increase the share of renewable fuels used for energy production and powering vehicles. It aims to partially reduce the dependence on crude oil imports and reduce CO2 emission. Particularly interesting are the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics