Electromigration-induced shock waves on metal thin films

Bradley, R. Mark
November 2008
Applied Physics Letters;11/24/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 21, p213105
Academic Journal
It is shown that surface electromigration can produce shock waves that retain their form as they propagate on the edge of a single-crystal metal thin film. We explain why these shocks form, determine their velocity, and find their internal structure. If two shocks are present initially, they collide and fuse to form a single shock.


Related Articles

  • The stretching of a thin viscous inclusion and the drawing of glass sheets. Wilmott, P. // Physics of Fluids A;Jul89, Vol. 1 Issue 7, p1098 

    A thin, two-dimensional inclusion of a highly viscous fluid is deformed by an external Stokes flow -- a suggested mechanism by which the Earth's oceanic crust is entrained and thinned by the mantle. The method of matched asymptotic expansions is applied with the small expansion parameter being...

  • Tin Whiskers: Clarity First. Hwang, Jennie S. // SMT: Surface Mount Technology;May2013, Vol. 28 Issue 5, p12 

    Lead-free solder comprises a wide array of alloy systems and each system can be modified in numerous ways. A test scheme to represent lead-free is a daunting task with an astounding price tag. Dr. Jennie Hwang advises that any tin whisker propensity study be conducted with a specific alloy...

  • Analysis of transient and asymptotic behavior in relativistic Landau damping. Sartori, C.; Coppa, G.G.M. // Physics of Plasmas;Nov95, Vol. 2 Issue 11, p4049 

    Examines the relativistic electrostatic oscillations in a collisionless nonmagnetized plasma. Solution of the integral form of the Vlasov-Poisson problem numerically; Existence of a critical value for the wave number when no Landau damping occurs; Analytical expression of the asymptotic...

  • Kinematics, equilibrium, and shape in Hamiltonian systems: The "LAB" effect. Bunimovich, Leonid // Chaos;Sep2003, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p903 

    Demonstrates a system of a finite number of particles in a container with a typical shape which does not get mixed in the sense that in an asymptotic steady state distribution the particles are not equally likely to occupy almost any position inside the container which is called LAB effect. ...

  • Diffusional creep as a stress relaxation mechanism in electromigration. Glickman, E.; Osipov, N.; Ivanov, A.; Nathan, M. // Journal of Applied Physics;1/1/1998, Vol. 83 Issue 1, p100 

    Studies the diffusional creep as a stress relaxation mechanism in electromigration (EM). Description of the atomic diffusion flux caused by the momentum exchange between electrical charge carriers and diffusing atoms; Confirmation of the existance of an EM; Methodology used to carry out the...

  • Linear analysis of electromigration-induced void instability in AI-based interconnects. Hao, T.-H.; Li, Q.-m. // Journal of Applied Physics;1/15/1998, Vol. 83 Issue 2, p754 

    Provides a linear analysis of electromigration-induced void instability in AI-based interconnects. Results of studies of a rounded void; Example of a theoretical analysis of linear stability.

  • Finite element analysis of the effects of geometry and microstructure on electromigration... Liu, Yongkun; Cox, C. L.; Diefendorf, R.J. // Journal of Applied Physics;4/1/1998, Vol. 83 Issue 7, p3600 

    Focuses on a mathematical model which examines the finite element analysis of the effects of geometry and microstructure on electromigration in confined metal lines. Details on the mathematical model used; Information on the finite element algorithm; Look at the end effects of a...

  • Spherical single-roll dynamos at large magnetic Reynolds numbers. Latter, Henrik; Ivers, David // Physics of Fluids;Jun2010, Vol. 22 Issue 6, p066601 

    This paper concerns kinematic helical dynamos in a spherical fluid body surrounded by an insulator. In particular, we examine their behavior in the regime of large magnetic Reynolds number Rm, for which dynamo action is usually concentrated on a simple resonant stream surface. The dynamo...

  • Cathodic Electrolytic Deposition.  // American Ceramic Society Bulletin;Sep2000, Vol. 79 Issue 9, p58 

    Focuses on the mechanisms of electrolytic deposition. Role of metal ion hydrolysis in achieving cathodic electrolytic deposition; Use of thermal treatment in converting hydroxide and peroxide deposits to corresponding oxides; Occurrence of anodic reaction during electrolytic deposition.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics