TITLE

Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance -- Selected Steps Communities, United States, 2007

AUTHOR(S)
Shanklin, Shari; Brener, Nancy D.; Kann, Laura; Griffin-Blake, Shannon; Ussery-Hall, Ann; Easton, Alyssa; Barrett, Erica; Hawkins, Joseph; Harris, William A.; McManus, Tim
PUB. DATE
November 2008
SOURCE
MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;11/22/2008, Vol. 57 Issue SS-12, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Problem: Priority health-risk behaviors, including tobacco use, unhealthy dietary behaviors, and physical inactivity often are established during childhood and adolescence, extend into adulthood, are interrelated, and are preventable. These behaviors contribute to chronic disease and other health conditions, including asthma. Reporting Period Covered: January-May 2007. Description of System: The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors priority health-risk behaviors and the prevalence of obesity and asthma among youth and young adults. YRBSS includes a national school-based survey conducted by CDC and state and local school-based surveys conducted by state and local education and health agencies. In 2007, as a component of YRBSS, communities participating in the Steps Cooperative Agreement Program (Steps Program) also conducted school-based surveys of students in grades 9-12 in their program intervention areas. These communities used a standard questionnaire that measured tobacco use, dietary behaviors, and physical activity and monitored the prevalence of obesity and asthma. This report summarizes results from surveys of students in 26 Steps communities that conducted surveys in 2007. Results: Results from the 26 Steps communities indicated that a substantial proportion of adolescents engaged in health-risk behaviors that increased their likelihood of becoming obese. During 2007, across surveys, the percentage of high school students who had ever smoked at least one cigarette every day for 30 days ranged from 3.7% to 20.1% (median: 9.0%), the percentage who had eaten fruits and vegetables five or more times per day during the 7 days before the survey ranged from 13.9% to 23.9% (median: 17.9%), and the percentage who met recommended levels of physical activity ranged from 27.7% to 55.5% (median: 40.1%). Across surveys, the percentage of students who were obese ranged from 4.6% to 20.2% (median: 13.6%), and the percentage of students who had ever been told by a doctor or nurse that they had asthma ranged from 16.8% to 28.5% (median: 21.6%). Interpretation: Although the prevalence of many health-risk behaviors and health conditions related to obesity and asthma varies across Steps communities, a substantial proportion of high school students engage in behaviors that place them at risk for chronic disease. Public Health Action: Steps Program staff at the national, tribal, state, and local levels will use YRBSS data for decision making, program planning, and enhancing technical assistance to reduce tobacco use and exposure and to increase healthy eating and physical activity. These data will be used to help focus existing programs on activities that have shown the greatest promise of results, as well as identify populations of greatest need and opportunities for strategic collaboration to identify and disseminate lessons learned.
ACCESSION #
35573556

 

Related Articles

  • Social class differences in overweight of prepubertal children in northwest Germany. Langnase, K.; Mast, M.; Muller, M.J. // International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders;Apr2002, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p566 

    Assesses the social class differences in overweight and health-related behaviors in prepubertal children in Germany. Fat mass of children from low social class; Influence of parent body mass index and physical inactivity; Comparison of overweight prevalence between boys and girls.

  • Prevalence of obesity and relationship with body mass index and symptoms of asthma in adolescents. de Carvalho, Savio Roberto V.; de Assis, Elisangela V.; Isidorio, Ubiraidys A.; de Melo, Marta L. V.; Sousa, Fernando H.; do Nascimento, Ankilma Andrade; Valenti, Vitor E.; de Abreu, Luiz Carlos // HealthMed;2014, Vol. 8 Issue 10, p1151 

    To investigate the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and asthma symptoms in adolescents between 13 and 14 years, to estimate the pre- valence of obesity in this age group. This is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach which was rated the Body Mass Index (BMI) and applied...

  • National Surveillance for Asthma -- United States, 1980-2004. Moorman, Jeanne E.; Rudd, Rose Anne; Johnson, Carol A.; King, Michael; Minor, Patrick; Bailey, Cathy; Scalia, Marissa R.; Akinbami, Lara J. // MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;10/20/2007, Vol. 56 Issue SS-8, p1 

    Problem/Condition: Asthma, a chronic respiratory disease with episodic symptoms, increased in prevalence during 1980--1996 in the United States. Asthma has been the focus of numerous provider interventions (e.g., improving adherence to asthma guidelines) and public health interventions during...

  • Early tobacco smoking in adolescents with externalizing disorders: Inferences for reward function. Aklin, Will M.; Moolchan, Eric T.; Luckenbaugh, David A.; Ernst, Monique // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Jun2009, Vol. 11 Issue 6, p750 

    Introduction: Tobacco smoking is the leading preventable cause of mortality in the United States, and 90% of regular smokers initiate smoking before age 18 years. Factors that confer risk for chronic smoking include psychiatric factors, such as externalizing disorders, and potentially related...

  • More than 14 million U.S. adults diagnosed with asthma.  // Nation's Health;Nov2001, Vol. 31 Issue 10, p5 

    Presents information on a study which examined the prevalence of asthma in the United States. Estimated number of people in the U.S. with asthma in 2000; Prevalence of asthma among Afro-Americans as compared to the asthma rates among Caucasians; Correlation between the prevalence of asthma...

  • Surveillance for Asthma-United States, 1980-1999. Mannino, David M.; Homa, David M.; Akinbami, Lara J.; Moorman, Jeanne E.; Gwynn, Charon; Redd, Stephen C. // MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;3/29/2002 Supplement SS-1, Vol. 51 Issue 11, p1 

    Presents the results of a survey on asthma in the U.S. from 1980 to 1999. Information on asthma; Prevalence and attacks or episodes; Number of asthma-associated school absence days; Number of work absence days among adults; Statistics on deaths caused by asthma.

  • Focus on Your Hearing Health. Sheehan, Tina // Business People;May2012 Supplement Business Women of Northeast Indiana, p91 

    The article offers information on hearing loss. It reveals that approximately 36 million adults in the U.S. have varying degrees of hearing loss, and that only 20-23 percent seek treatment. A survey is presented to help determine if one has hearing loss. People who are at risk or are suffering...

  • Assessment of pulmonary functions in obese adolescent boys. Paralikar, Swapnil J.; Kathrotia, Rajesh G.; Pathak, Narendra R.; Jani, Madhusudan B. // Lung India;Jul-Sep2012, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p236 

    Background: Obesity is rapidly escalating in India in all age groups. School-based data indicate a prevalence rate between 5.6% and 24% in children and adolescents. Adolescent obesity is associated with a greater long-term risk of hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adulthood. However,...

  • Chapter I: The Report in Brief.  // American Journal of Public Health;Oct1972 Supplement, Vol. 62, p7 

    The article focuses on the study of adolescent health, which aims to assess the physical and emotional health status of adolescents in Harlem, New York. A sample of young people 12-17 years of age was drawn from a larger community household health survey conducted by Harlem Hospital's Department...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics