TITLE

It's Time for a New Low-Dose-Radiation Risk Assessment Paradigm�One that Acknowledges Hormesis

AUTHOR(S)
Scott, Bobby R.
PUB. DATE
October 2008
SOURCE
Dose-Response;2008, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p333
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The current system of radiation protection for humans is based on the linear-no-threshold (LNT) risk-assessment paradigm. Perceived harm to irradiated nuclear workers and the public is mainly reflected through calculated hypothetical increased cancers. The LNT-based system of protection employs easy-to-implement measures of radiation exposure. Such measures include the equivalent dose (a biological-damage-potential-weighted measure) and the effective dose (equivalent dose multiplied by a tissue-specific relative sensitivity factor for stochastic effects). These weighted doses have special units such as the sievert (Sv) and millisievert (mSv, one thousandth of a sievert). Radiation-induced harm is controlled via enforcing exposure limits expressed as effective dose. Expected cancer cases can be easily computed based on the summed effective dose (person-sievert) for an irradiated group or population. Yet the current system of radiation protection needs revision because radiation-induced natural protection (hormesis) has been neglected. A novel, nonlinear, hormetic relative risk model for radiation-induced cancers is discussed in the context of establishing new radiation exposure limits for nuclear workers and the public.
ACCESSION #
35526053

 

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