TITLE

Is Escherichia coli O157:H7 a common pathogen in children with bloody diarrhea in Shiraz, Iran?

AUTHOR(S)
Alborzi, Abdolvahab; Aelami, Mohammad Hassan; Astaneh, Behrooz; Pourabbas, Bahman; Farshad, Shohreh; Kalani, Mehdi; Nasiri, Jalil; Rashidi, Mahmood
PUB. DATE
July 2008
SOURCE
Turkish Journal of Pediatrics;2008, Vol. 50 Issue 4, p349
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7 is a common cause of bloody diarrhea in developed countries. The aim of this study was to determine whether E. coli O157:H7 is a possible pathogen of bloody diarrhea in southern Iran. Out of 719 children with diarrhea, 243 (34%) patients with positive occult blood took part in our study. The polyclonal antibody test and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to identify E. coli O157:H7. Stool cultures showed enteropathogens in 107 patients (44%). Shigella (34.3%) was followed by E. coli (8.6%), campylobacter (2%) and salmonella (0.4%). None of the E. coli species was of O157:H7 serotype. Antibiotic sensitivity of shigella species was 100% to ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin and ceftazidime, 94% to nalidixic acid and 13% to co-trimoxazole. The results of the study showed that E. coli O157: H7 is not a cause of bloody diarrhea in our area.
ACCESSION #
35401359

 

Related Articles

  • Experimental infection of weaned piglets with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli O149:F4. Alexa, Pavel; Hamřík, Jaroslav; Konstantinová, Lucie; Šrámková-Zajacová, Zuzana // Acta Veterinaria Brno;2011, Vol. 80 Issue 4, p337 

    Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli is an important enteric pathogen causing post-weaning diarrhoea in piglets. Enterotoxins of E. coli induce the release of fluid into the intestines without apparent inflammation. Some serotypes of E. coli, especially O149:F4 can often be identified in association...

  • Identification of Intermediate in Evolutionary Model of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157. Jenke, Christian; Leopold, Shana R.; Weniger, Thomas; Rothgänger, Jörg; Harmsen, Dag; Karch, Helge; Mellmann, Alexander // Emerging Infectious Diseases;Apr2012, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p582 

    The article discusses a study that examined the hypothetical intermediate in the evolutionary model of the highly pathogenic enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157. A single nucleotide polymorphism analysis was performed by sequencing randomly distributed backbone genomic regions of...

  • Emergency Care Physicians' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Surveillance for Foodborne Disease in the United States. James, Lyn; Roberts, Rebecca; Jones, Roderick C.; Watson, John T.; Hota, Bala N.; Kampe, Linda M.; Weinstein, Robert A.; Gerber, Susan I. // Clinical Infectious Diseases;4/15/2008, Vol. 46 Issue 8, p1264 

    During the past decade, the incidence of certain bacterial pathogens that are commonly transmitted through food in the United States has decreased. Concurrently, the emergency department has become an increasingly common setting for health care. Because public health surveillance for bacterial...

  • Occurrence and molecular characterization of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli serotypes isolated from children with diarrhoea in Najaf, Iraq. Al-Hilali, Samer A.; Almohana, Ali M. // Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology;Oct2011, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p383 

    Purpose: Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) are among the most important pathogens infecting children worldwide and are one of the main causes of diarrhoea. The study was carried out to investigate the occurrence of EPEC as a cause of infectious diarrhoea in children younger than 2 years...

  • How to Protect Yourself from E. Coli in Produce.  // Environmental Nutrition;Nov2006, Vol. 29 Issue 11, p3 

    The article reports on the recent outbreak in the U.S. due to the lethal strain of O157:H7 found Escherichia coli. A total of 131 cases reported linked to spinach wherein one died in Wisconsin. People affected may develop a serious kidney condition caused by O157:H7. Moreover, the infection...

  • Goblet Cell Derived RELM-β Recruits CD4+ T Cells during Infectious Colitis to Promote Protective Intestinal Epithelial Cell Proliferation. Bergstrom, Kirk S. B.; Morampudi, Vijay; Chan, Justin M.; Bhinder, Ganive; Lau, Jennifer; Yang, Hyungjun; Ma, Caixia; Huang, Tina; Ryz, Natasha; Sham, Ho Pan; Zarepour, Maryam; Zaph, Colby; Artis, David; Nair, Meera; Vallance, Bruce A. // PLoS Pathogens;8/18/2015, Vol. 11 Issue 8, p1 

    Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli and related food and waterborne pathogens pose significant threats to human health. These attaching/effacing microbes infect the apical surface of intestinal epithelial cells (IEC), causing severe diarrheal disease. Colonizing the intestinal luminal surface...

  • Pathogen Inactivation In Cow Manure Compost. Erickson, Marilyn C.; Liao, Jean; Li Ma; Xiuping Jiang; Doyle, Michael P. // Compost Science & Utilization;Autumn2009, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p229 

    During aerobic composting of animal manure, microbial activity within the mixture generates heat and metabolic by-products that inactivate zoonotic pathogens. Although it is recognized that the type and level of microbial activity will vary with the nutrient availability of different compost...

  • Escherichia coli O157:H7 – Piecing Together the Jigsaw Puzzle. O'Brien, Sarah J.; Adak, Goutam K. // New England Journal of Medicine;8/22/2002, Vol. 347 Issue 8, p608 

    The article focuses on the authors' views on Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection. They report that the first outbreak of hemorrhagic colitis associated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection was linked with hamburger consumption. The authors refers to a study by J.A. Crump and colleagues, which...

  • Survival of Escherichia coli 0157:H7 in Bovine Feces over Time under Various Temperature Conditions. Echeverry, A.; Loneragan, G. H.; Brashearsi, M. M. // Journal of Food Protection;Dec2006, Vol. 69 Issue 12, p2851 

    Although Escherichia coli O157:H7 prevalence estimates in cattle have increased over time due to improvements in detection methods, fecal sample transport conditions from farm to microbiological laboratories for further analysis may be a factor for prevalence underestimation. The objective of...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics