TITLE

Preparation of reference material for organochlorine pesticides in a herbal matrix

AUTHOR(S)
Wong, Yiu; Wong, Siu; Kam, Tat
PUB. DATE
December 2008
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Dec2008, Vol. 392 Issue 7/8, p1507
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The development of reference material for four organochlorine pesticides, namely hexachlorobenzene and three isomers of hexachlorocyclohexane ( α-hexachlorocyclohexane, β-hexachlorocyclohexane and γ-hexachlorocyclohexane), in a ginseng root sample is presented. Raw materials ( Panax ginseng) were purchased from a local market and confirmed to contain certain levels of incurred organochlorine pesticide residues by a validated gas chromatography-mass selective detection method. A total of more than 300 bottles each containing 25 g of samples were prepared after the materials had been freeze-dried, milled and thoroughly mixed. The homogeneity and stability of samples from randomly selected bottles were verified and the reference values were characterized using a highly precise isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (ID-GCMS) method that was recently developed by our laboratory. The purity of standard organochlorine chemicals was determined against certified reference materials to establish the accuracy of the ID-GCMS analysis. The concentrations (± expanded uncertainty) of hexachlorobenzene, α-hexachlorocyclohexane, β-hexachlorocyclohexane and γ-hexachlorocyclohexane in the reference material were 0.198 ± 0.015, 0.450 ± 0.022, 0.213 ± 0.011 and 0.370 ± 0.032 mg kg−1, respectively. A portion (70 bottles) of the samples was also used in a proficiency testing (PT) scheme for assessing the testing capabilities of field laboratories. The consensus mean values of the PT obtained from the 70 participants were on the same order but deviated by −2.7 to −14.1% from those of the assigned reference values. Because of the wide spread of participants’ data (relative standard deviation ranging from 44 to 56%), the PT results were not included in the calculation of the assigned values of the reference materials. The materials served as suitable reference materials to ascertain the quality control and validation processes for the determination of organochlorine pesticides in herbal matrices.
ACCESSION #
35354236

 

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