Multiwalled carbon nanotube sheets as transparent electrodes in high brightness organic light-emitting diodes

Williams, Christopher D.; Robles, Raquel Ovalle; Zhang, Mei; Li, Sergey; Baughman, Ray H.; Zakhidov, Anvar A.
November 2008
Applied Physics Letters;11/3/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 18, p183506
Academic Journal
We have fabricated efficient organic light emitting diodes using strong, transparent carbon nanotube (CNT) sheets as the hole-injecting anode. These devices show a brightness of 4500 cd/m2 and current efficiency near 2.5 cd/A, which is close to the efficiency we achieve with a similar device, which uses indium tin oxide (ITO) as the anode. We demonstrate that proper planarization of the electrode using the water-soluble polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) poly(styrenesulfonate) is necessary for achieving high efficiency and can be accomplished by spin casting multiple layers. We believe that increased conductivity of the sheets could lead to CNT-based devices with efficiencies exceeding those on ITO.


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