Accurate electrical testing of individual gold nanowires by in situ scanning electron microscope nanomanipulators

Peng, Yong; Cullis, Tony; Inkson, Beverley
November 2008
Applied Physics Letters;11/3/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 18, p183112
Academic Journal
This work presents an accurate measurement of electrical properties of individual gold nanowires, directly measured by nanomanipulators in situ in a scanning electron microscope. The electrical testing of 55 nm width gold nanowires, with a bamboo-type polycrystalline micorstructure, shows that individual gold nanowires have an ideal resistivity of about 2.26 μΩ cm and remarkably high failure current density of 4.94×108 A cm-2. The measurement of resistance (R) versus nanowire length of individual nanowires shows that the intrinsic conductivity of the gold nanowire is 4.45×107 Ω-1 m-1. There is no evidence that the polycrystalline grain structure, 55 nm width and 500–2800 nm length, generates any size-induced electrical effects. The accurate electrical testing of gold nanowires should be significant for nanodevices and nanoelectronics using them as building blocks or interconnects.


Related Articles

  • ZnO Nanowires from Nanopillars: Influence of Growth Time. Sangpour, P.; Roozbehi, M.; Akhavan, O.; Moshfegh, A. Z. // Current Nanoscience;Nov2009, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p479 

    A double-tube vapor phase transport system has been used to grow ZnO nanostructures. Nanopillars, nanorods and nanowires of zinc oxide were synthesized on Au nanoparticle catalyst depending on source-substrate distance and temperature gradient in the quartz tube. In addition, influence of growth...

  • Fabrication of metallic nanowires with a scanning tunneling microscope. Kramer, N.; Birk, H. // Applied Physics Letters;3/13/1995, Vol. 66 Issue 11, p13253 

    Introduces the fabrication of metallic semiconductors in a probing microscope. Advantages of hydrogenated amorphous silicon; Stability of hydrogenated amorphous silicon against oxidation in air; Demonstration of the potentiality of thin films by fabrication of metallic nanowires.

  • Effects of Silver Nanowires on The Electrochemical Performance of LiFePO4. Dapeng Chen; Gang Zhu; Xingong Zhu; Xueliang Qiao; Jianguo Chen // Nano Biomedicine & Engineering;Jan2011, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p19 

    Lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) is a promising cathode material for lithium-ion batteries. However, an important drawback of this material is its poor conductivity. In this approach, a simple approach is firstly proposed to enhance the conductivity of LiFePO4 cathodes by dispersing conductive...

  • Electrical properties of individual NiFe/Pt multilayer nanowires measured in situ in a scanning electron microscope. Elawayeb, Mohamed; Peng, Yong; Briston, Kevin J.; Inkson, Beverley J. // Journal of Applied Physics;Feb2012, Vol. 111 Issue 3, p034306 

    The electrical properties of individual NiFe/Pt multilayer nanowires have been measured in situ by nanomanipulators in a scanning electron microscope. The electrical measurement of ∼50 nm diameter individual NiFe/Pt multilayer nanowires with polycrystalline microstructure shows that the...

  • Tungsten/Platinum Hybrid Nanowire Growth via Field Emission Using Nanorobotic Manipulation. Zhan Yang; Nakajima, Masahiro; Ode, Yasuhito; Fukuda, Toshio // Journal of Nanotechnology;2011, p1 

    This paper reports tungsten-platinum hybrid nanowire growth via field emission, based on nanorobotic manipulation within a field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). A multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) was used as the emitter, and a tungsten probe was used as the anode at the...

  • Conductivity studies on PEMA based polymer electrolyte system with LiClO4 salt. Rajendran, S.; Senthil, K.; Kesavan, K.; Mathew, Chithra M.; Mahalingam, T. // AIP Conference Proceedings;Feb2013, Vol. 1512 Issue 1, p1212 

    The present work describes the surface and conductivity studies on PEMA based polymer electrolytes prepared by solvent casting technique. Polymer electrolytes were characterized by SEM and conductivity studies. The maximum ionic conductivity value is found to be 2.0245 × 10-5 Scm-1 at 303K...

  • A compact multipurpose nanomanipulator for use inside a scanning electron microscope. Heeres, E. C.; Katan, A. J.; van Es, M. H.; Beker, A. F.; Hesselberth, M.; van der Zalm, D. J.; Oosterkamp, T. H. // Review of Scientific Instruments;Feb2010, Vol. 81 Issue 2, p023704 

    A compact, two-stage nanomanipulator was designed and built for use inside a scanning electron microscope. It consists of a fine stage employing piezostacks that provide a 15 μm range in three dimensions and a coarse stage based on commercially available stick-slip motors. Besides the...

  • Nanowire Joining Methods. Xiaopeng Li; Fan Gao; Zhiyong Gu // Open Surface Science Journal;2011, Vol. 3, p91 

    Recent advances in nanowire research emphasize on its promising applications in nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, nanomedicine, and nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS). Even with many advances, the joining of nanowires has become a critical issue for future device miniaturization and integration....

  • Fabrication and characterization of Ni/P(VDF-TrFE) nanoscaled coaxial cables. Sun, Cheng-Liang; Lam, Kwo Ho; Chao, Chen; Lau, Sien Ting; Chan, Helen Lai Wa; Guo, Shishang; Zhao, Xingzhong // Applied Physics Letters;6/18/2007, Vol. 90 Issue 25, p253107 

    The authors have prepared poly(vinylidenefluoride-trifluoroethylene) Ni/P(VDF-TrFE) nanoscaled coaxial cables with Ni nanowires as the cores and P(VDF-TrFE) nanotubes as the shells by a two-step process. Scanning electron microscope and x-ray diffraction measurements revealed the microstructure...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics