X-ray diagnostics of imploding plasmas from planar wire arrays composed of Cu and few tracer Al wires on the 1MA pulsed power generator at UNR

Safronova, A. S.; Kantsyrev, V. L.; Esaulov, A. A.; Ouart, N. D.; Yilmaz, M. F.; Williamson, K. M.; Shlyaptseva, V.; Shrestha, I.; Osborne, G. C.; Coverdale, C. A.; Jones, B.; Deeney, C.
October 2008
Review of Scientific Instruments;Oct2008, Vol. 79 Issue 10, p10E315
Academic Journal
Tracer aluminum alloyed wires (Al5056) are used to provide additional information for x-ray diagnostics of implosions of Cu planar wire arrays (PWAs). Specifically, the analysis of combined PWA experiments using the extensive set of x-ray diagnostics is presented. In these experiments, which were conducted at the 1MA pulsed power generator at University of Nevada, Reno, the Z-pinch load consisted of several (eight) Cu alloyed (main material) and one to two Al alloyed (tracer) wires mounted in a single plane row or double parallel plane rows, single planar wire array (SPWA) or double planar wire array (DPWA), respectively. The analysis of x-ray spatially resolved spectra from the main material indicates the increase in the electron temperature Te near the cathode. In general, the axial gradients in Te are more pronounced for SPWA than for DPWA due to the more “columnlike” plasma formation for SPWA compared to “hot-spot-like” plasma formation for DPWA. In addition, x-ray spectra from tracer wires are studied, and estimated plasma parameters are compared with those from the main material. It is observed that the x-ray K-shell Al spectra manifest more opacity features for the case of SPWA with about 18% of Al mass (to the total load mass) compared to the case of DPWA with about 11% of Al mass. The analysis of time-gated spectra shows that the relative intensity of the most intense K-shell Al line, small before the x-ray burst, increases with time and peaks close to the maximum of the sub-keV signal.


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