TITLE

Ultrastructure of Aeluropus littoralis leaf salt glands under NaCl stress

AUTHOR(S)
Zouhaier Barhoumi; Wahbi Djebali; Chedly Abdelly; Wided Chaïbi; Abderrazak Smaoui
PUB. DATE
November 2008
SOURCE
Protoplasma;Nov2008, Vol. 233 Issue 3/4, p195
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abstract  The effects of salt uptake on the morphology and ultrastructure of leaf salt glands were investigated in Aeluropus littoralis plants grown for two months in the presence of 400 mM NaCl. The salt gland is composed of two linked cells, as observed in some other studied Poaceae species. The cap cell, which protrudes from the leaf surface, is smaller than the basal cell, which is embedded in the leaf mesophyll tissues and bears the former. The cuticle over the cap cell is frequently separated from the cell wall to form a cavity where salts accumulate prior to excretion. The basal cell cytoplasm contains an extensive intricate or partitioning membrane system that is probably involved in the excretion process, which is absent from the cap cell. The intricate membrane system seems to be elongated and heavily loaded with salt. The presence of 400 mM NaCl induced the disappearance of the collecting chamber over the glands and an increase in the number of vacuoles and their size in both gland cells. In the basal cell, salt greatly increased both the density and size of the intricate membrane system. The electron density of both gland cells observed under salt treatment reflects a high activity. All these changes probably constitute special adaptations for dealing with salt accumulation in the leaves. Despite the high salt concentration used, no serious damage occurred in A. littoralis salt gland ultrastructure, which consolidates the assumption that they are naturally designated for this purpose.
ACCESSION #
35147406

 

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