Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 5A Small Interference RNA-Liposome Complexes Reduce Inflammation and Increase Survival in Murine Models of Severe Sepsis and Acute Lung Injury

Moore, Christopher C.; Martin, Edward N.; Lee, Grace; Taylor, Catherine; Dondero, Richard; Reznikov, Leonid L.; Dinarello, Charles; Thompson, John; Scheld, W. Michael
November 2008
Journal of Infectious Diseases;11/1/2008, Vol. 198 Issue 9, p1407
Academic Journal
Background. Many novel therapeutics have failed to reduce all-cause mortality associated with severe sepsis. Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) is a regulator of apoptosis as well as inflammatory cell activation, making it a potential target for sepsis therapy. Methods. In a murine model of severe sepsis, mice were intraperitoneally challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Mice were treated both before and after LPS challenge with liposome complexes containing either an eIF5A-specific or control small interference RNA (siRNA), and both survival and serum concentrations of inflammatory cytokines were monitored. The ability of eIF5A siRNA to reduce inflammatory cytokines was also tested in a model of acute lung injury established by intranasal administration of LPS to mice. Results. There was a statistically significant increase in the rate of survival for mice intraperitoneally challenged with LPS that received eIF5A siRNA, compared with that noted for mice that received control siRNA (71% vs. 5%; P < .001), as well as a reduction in cytokine expression in serum. Concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines were also reduced in the lung homogenates and serum of mice that were intranasally challenged with LPS and received eIF5A siRNA (P ⩽ .05). Conclusions. eIF5A siRNA-liposome complexes reduced inflammation and contributed to increased survival in a model of severe sepsis, decreased inflammation in a model of acute lung injury, and should be considered for clinical use.


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