Prevalence of Toxoplasmosis in non-pregnant women in Tripoli, Libya

Setta, A. M. Abu; Yamani, R. H.
June 2008
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine;Jun2008, Vol. 31, p198
Academic Journal
Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by protozoan, Toxoplasma gondii. Infections of human are common and are usually asymptomatic. The infection may be serious if it is transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy. Prophylactic measures, early detection of the infection and treatment can avoid congenital toxoplasmosis and many long term effects. Seroepidemiological study in non-pregnant women is useful to determine the prevalence of infection and to design prevention policies for them during their pregnancy. This study was carried out in the years 2006-2007 in Tripoli, in Libya, as a descriptive, analytic and cross sectional study. Methods: Serum Samples of 474 women were collected from non-pregnant women and studied by enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA). The positive and negative controls were also used. The seroprevalance rate of toxoplasmosis 18.14% in all participants. Some variables including age, nutritional habits and contact with domestic cats were studied. Conclusion: The seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in non pregnant women in Tripoli is different and it may be related to the level of hygiene in different parts of Tripoli. Water and food contamination with cat stool in regions with high contact with domestic cats can play an important role in infection rates. People of such areas should eat well-cooked meat to reduce infection.


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