TITLE

Growth of carbon nanocone arrays on a metal catalyst: The effect of carbon flux ionization

AUTHOR(S)
Levchenko, I.; Ostrikov, K.; Khachan, J.; Vladimirov, S. V.
PUB. DATE
October 2008
SOURCE
Physics of Plasmas;Oct2008, Vol. 15 Issue 10, p103501
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The growth of carbon nanocone arrays on metal catalyst particles by deposition from a low-temperature plasma is studied by multiscale Monte Carlo/surface diffusion numerical simulation. It is demonstrated that the variation in the degree of ionization of the carbon flux provides an effective control of the growth kinetics of the carbon nanocones, and leads to the formation of more uniform arrays of nanostructures. In the case of zero degree of ionization (neutral gas process), a width of the distribution of nanocone heights reaches 360 nm with the nanocone mean height of 150 nm. When the carbon flux of 75% ionization is used, the width of the distribution of nanocone heights decreases to 100 nm, i.e., by a factor of 3.6. A higher degree of ionization leads to a better uniformity of the metal catalyst saturation and the nanocone growth, thus contributing to the formation of more height-uniform arrays of carbon nanostructures.
ACCESSION #
35103368

 

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