HDF1 and RAD17 Genes are Involved in DNA Double-strand Break Repair in Stationary Phase Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Nunes, Elia; Candreva, Ema; Bracesco, Nelson; S�nchez, Ana; Dell, Mercedes
January 2008
Journal of Biological Physics;Jan2008, Vol. 34 Issue 1/2, p63
Academic Journal
DNA repair, checkpoint pathways and protection mechanisms against different types of perturbations are critical factors for the prevention of genomic instability. The aim of the present work was to analyze the roles of RAD17 and HDF1 gene products during the late stationary phase, in haploid and diploid yeast cells upon gamma irradiation. The checkpoint protein, Rad17, is a component of a PCNA-like complex�the Rad17/Mec3/Ddc1 clamp�acting as a damage sensor; this protein is also involved in double-strand break (DBS) repair in cycling cells. The HDF1 gene product is a key component of the non-homologous end-joining pathway (NHEJ). Diploid and haploid rad17?/ rad17?, and hdf1? Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant strains and corresponding isogenic wild types were used in the present study. Yeast cells were grown in standard liquid nutrient medium, and maintained at 30�C for 21 days in the stationary phase, without added nutrients. Cell samples were irradiated with 60Co ? rays at 5 Gy/s, 50 Gy = Dabs = 200 Gy. Thereafter, cells were incubated in PBS (liquid holding: LH, 0 = t = 24 h). DNA chromosomal analysis (by pulsed-field electrophoresis), and surviving fractions were determined as a function of absorbed doses, either immediately after irradiation or after LH. Our results demonstrated that the proteins Rad17, as well as Hdf1, play essential roles in DBS repair and survival after gamma irradiation in the late stationary phase and upon nutrient stress (LH after irradiation). In haploid cells, the main pathway is NHEJ. In the diploid state, the induction of LH recovery requires the function of Rad17. Results are compatible with the action of a network of DBS repair pathways expressed upon different ploidies, and different magnitudes of DNA damage.



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