Identification of the normal appendix in healthy adults by 64-slice MDCT: the value of adding coronal reformation images

Kim, H. C.; Yang, D. M.; Jin, W.
November 2008
British Journal of Radiology;Nov2008, Vol. 81 Issue 971, p859
Academic Journal
The aim of this study was to assess retrospectively the value of adding coronal reformation images to the identification of the normal appendix using 64-slice multidetector CT (MDCT). 200 consecutive healthy adults with no history of abdominal surgery underwent abdominal CT using 64-slice MDCT without oral contrast administration and were enrolled in the study. Two gastrointestinal radiologists first interpreted the axial images only; after a 2-week interval, they then interpreted both the axial and the coronal images while blinded to the first interpretation. The identification of the normal appendix was interpreted using a four-point scale: 1, not identified; 2, identified with low confidence; 3, probably identified; 4, definitely identified. Agreement between the readers was determined with the use of weighted statistics. Differences in confidence ratings for identification of the appendix were determined with the Wilcoxon signed rank test. The agreement between the readers was higher when both axial and coronal images were reviewed ( = 0.85) than when only the axial scans images were reviewed ( = 0.43). The mean confidence scores for the identification of the normal appendix by the two readers were significantly higher when both the axial and coronal images were reviewed (mean, 3.81±0.498 and 3.83±0.485 for the two readers, respectively) than when only the axial images were reviewed (mean, 3.27±0.819 and 3.47±0.856, respectively) (all p<0.01). Therefore, adding coronal reformation images to 64-slice MDCT significantly improves inter-reader agreement and confidence in the identification of the normal appendix.


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