TITLE

Detection of electrophoretically separated cytochromes P450 by element-labelled monoclonal antibodies via laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

AUTHOR(S)
Roos, Peter H.; Venkatachalam, Arunachalam; Manz, Andreas; Waentig, Larissa; Koehler, Christina U.; Jakubowski, Norbert
PUB. DATE
November 2008
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Nov2008, Vol. 392 Issue 6, p1135
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Numerous structurally and enzymatically similar cytochromes P450 (CYPs) are involved in the metabolism of xenobiotics and are present in different amounts and with different enzyme profiles in human tissues and cells. Analysis of their adaptively regulated and individually variable patterns is a peculiar analytical challenge. We developed a laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) based method for concomitant detection and semiquantitative determination of electrophoretically separated and blotted CYPs. The first results are given here for the two enzymes CYP1A1 and CYP2E1. Specific monoclonal antibodies directed against the enzymes were differentially labelled with europium via a covalently linked chelator and with iodine, respectively. Analysis of the modified antibodies shows that both europium and iodine are coupled to the heavy and the light chains of the antibodies. Also, the antibodies maintained their antigen-binding properties after labelling as demonstrated by LA-ICP-MS-analysed immunoblots. The method allowed us to detect specifically and concomitantly both CYP enzymes in complex biological samples, i.e. microsomes of rat liver and minipig duodenum, which are characterized by different levels and proportions of the two CYP enzymes. A strong CYP1A1 signal is found in liver microsomes of 3-methylcholanthrene-treated rats, while it is (nearly) absent in liver microsomes of rats treated with isonocotinic acid hydrazide (isoniazid). The constitutively expressed CYP2E1 is found in microsomes of both treatment groups. Duodenal microsomes of minipigs orally exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons show a clear CYP1A1 signal. Low levels of CYP2E1 can also be detected in these microsomes. The LA-ICP-MS method allows concomitant determination of CYPs, thereby exhibiting sensitivity similar to that of conventional chemoluminescence detection via peroxidase-labelled secondary antibodies. The latter method allows readout of a single CYP protein in a 1D separation. Although the results presented here are only for labelling by use of the elements iodine and europium, the same strategy can be applied also for other lanthanide elements in combination with chelating compounds, so LA-ICP-MS of western blots offers a new capability to be applied for highly multiplexed CYP determinations via labelled antibodies.
ACCESSION #
34940180

 

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