Separation of Amadori peptides from their unmodified analogs by ion-pairing RP-HPLC with heptafluorobutyric acid as ion-pair reagent

Frolov, Andrej; Hoffmann, Ralf
November 2008
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Nov2008, Vol. 392 Issue 6, p1209
Academic Journal
Glycation is a common class of nonenzymatic posttranslational modifications relevant for several diseases and cell aging in general, such as D-glucose-derived modifications at the É›-amino groups of lysine residues in blood proteins, especially albumin, immunoglobulin, and hemoglobin, for diabetic patients. These Amadori compounds are identified on the peptide level after enzymatic digestion and chromatographic separation by mass spectrometry. Their syntheses usually rely on a global glycation approach. Both areas require the reliable separation of glycated peptides from their unmodified congeners present in different ratios, which is typically not achieved by standard eluent systems in ion-pairing RP-HPLC (IP-RPLC). Here, we compare aqueous acetonitrile and methanol gradients containing either trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) or heptafluorobutyric acid (HFBA) as ion-pairing agents to separate such peptide pairs. TFA-containing eluents resulted in rather low resolutions, and the glycated and unglycated peptides often coeluted. HFBA increased the retention times of the unmodified peptide more than for the glycated peptide thereby improving the separation of all eight studied peptide pairs, even achieving baseline separations for some sequences. Thus the use of HFBA as ion-pair reagent provides a universally applicable eluent system in IP-RPLC to separate glycated peptides from their unmodified counterparts, even at the preparative scale required for synthetic peptides.


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