Clinical utility of the Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire (MASQ) in a sample of young help-seekers

Buckby, Joe A.; Yung, Alison R.; Cosgrave, Elizabeth M.; Killackey, Eoin J.
January 2007
BMC Psychiatry;2007, Vol. 7, p50
Academic Journal
Background: The overlap between Depression and Anxiety has led some researchers to conclude that they are manifestations of a broad, non-specific neurotic disorder. However, others believe that they can be distinguished despite sharing symptoms of general distress. The Tripartite Model of Affect proposes an anxiety-specific, a depression-specific and a shared symptoms factor. Watson and Clark developed the Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire (MASQ) to specifically measure these Tripartite constructs. Early research showed that the MASQ distinguished between dimensions of Depression and Anxiety in non-clinical samples. However, two recent studies have cautioned that the MASQ may show limited validity in clinical populations. The present study investigated the clinical utility of the MASQ in a clinical sample of adolescents and young adults. Methods: A total of 204 Young people consecutively referred to a specialist public mental health service in Melbourne, Australia were approached and 150 consented to participate. From this, 136 participants completed both a diagnostic interview and the MASQ. Results: The majority of the sample rated for an Axis-I disorder, with Mood and Anxiety disorders most prevalent. The disorder-specific scales of the MASQ significantly discriminated Anxiety (61.0%) and Mood Disorders (72.8%), however, the predictive accuracy for presence of Anxiety Disorders was very low (29.8%). From ROC analyses, a proposed cut-off of 76 was proposed for the depression scale to indicate 'caseness' for Mood Disorders. The resulting sensitivity/specificity was superior to that of the CES-D. Conclusion: It was concluded that the depression-specific scale of the MASQ showed good clinical utility, but that the anxiety-specific scale showed poor discriminant validity.


Related Articles

  • Chronic fatigue and anxiety/depression: a twin study. Roy-Byrne, Peter; Afari, Niloofar; Ashton, Suzanne; Fischer, Mary; Goldberg, Jack; Buchwald, Dedra // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jan2002, Vol. 180, p29 

    Background Up to three-quarters of patients with fatigue syndromes have comorbid mood or anxiety disorders, suggesting that chronic fatigue is a forme fruste of anxiety or depressive states. Aims To establish whether the association of chronic fatigue with psychological distress is causal or due...

  • The relationship between acculturation strategies and depressive and anxiety disorders in Turkish migrants in the Netherlands. Ince, Burçin Ünlü; Fassaert, Thijs; de Wit, Matty; Cuijpers, Pim; Smit, Jan; Ruwaard, Jeroen; Riper, Heleen // BMC Psychiatry;2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p249 

    Background Turkish migrants in the Netherlands have a high prevalence of depressive and/or anxiety disorders. Acculturation has been shown to be related to higher levels of psychological distress, although it is not clear whether this also holds for depressive and anxiety disorders in Turkish...

  • Mood Disorders and Epilepsy Surgery: Lightening the Burden in More Ways Than One? Garcia, Paul A. // Epilepsy Currents;Jul2006, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p112 

    Discusses research being done on changes in depression ad anxiety after resective surgery. Reference to a study by O. Devinsky, W. B. Barr et al., published in the 2005 issue of the "Neurology"; Effect of mood disorders on patients with epilepsy; Methodology used; Role of seizure control in...

  • Psychometric properties of the Parental Bonding Instrument and its association with psychological distress in a group of incarcerated young offenders in Scotland. Chambers, J. A.; Power, K. G.; Loucks, N.; Swanson, V. // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;2000, Vol. 35 Issue 7, p318 

    Accepted: 3 April 2000 Abstract Background: The Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) was developed in order to help quantify the parental contribution to psychological distress. It has subsequently been shown to be of value in examining the influence of parents in many diverse areas including...

  • Repetitive Thought and Emotional Distress: Rumination and Worry as Prospective Predictors of Depressive and Anxious Symptomatology. Calmes, Christine A.; Roberts, John E. // Cognitive Therapy & Research;Jun2007, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p343 

    Repetitive thought processes have been implicated in vulnerability to both anxiety and depression. The present study used a prospective design to examine the ability of worry and rumination to predict these two forms of emotional distress over time. Participants were 451 college students (273...

  • Higher levels of psychiatric symptomatology reported by health professionals working in medical settings in Greece.  // Annals of General Psychiatry;2011, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p28 

    The article reports on a study conducted to investigate the differences in the rate of anxiety and depression between medical and mental healthcare workers. Health workers from University and General Hospitals from all over Greece participated in the study. The study results reveal that medical...

  • Comparison of short- and long-term dynamic group psychotherapy: randomised clinical trial. Lorentzen, Steinar; Ruud, Torleif; Fjeldstad, Anette; Høglend, Per // British Journal of Psychiatry;Oct2013, Vol. 203 Issue 4, p280 

    Background There are no randomised clinical trials comparing the outcomes of short- with long-term psychodynamic group psychotherapy. Aims To compare differences in outcome during and after short- and long-term group psychotherapy. Method In total, 167 out-patients with mood, anxiety and...

  • Adolescents React to the Events of September 11, 2001: Focused Versus Ambient Impact. Whalen, Carol K.; Henker, Barbara; King, Pamela S.; Jamner, Larry D.; Levine, Linda // Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology;Feb2004, Vol. 32 Issue 1, p1 

    This study examined the perceived impact of the events of September 11, 2001, on adolescents distant from the disaster sites and compared these perceptions with changes in everyday moods. A survey of reactions to September 11 was completed 2-5 months after the events by 171 adolescents...

  • Achieving and Sustaining Remission in Depression and Anxiety Disorders: Introduction. O'Donovan, Claire // Canadian Journal of Psychiatry;Mar2004 Supplement, Vol. 49, p5S 

    Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a prevalent medical condition that is frequently associated with comorbid psychiatric and medical conditions and has a high risk for morbidity and mortality (1). Approximately 8% of adults will experience MDD at some time in their lives, and the 1-year...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics