Comparison of microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography with high-performance liquid chromatography for fingerprint analysis of resina draconis

Yuhua Cao; Wenjun Gong; Nan Li; Changna Yin; Yun Wang
November 2008
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Nov2008, Vol. 392 Issue 5, p1003
Academic Journal
Microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography (MEEKC) has been developed for fingerprint analysis of resina draconis, a substitute for sanguis draconis in the Chinese market. The microemulsion as the running buffer was made up of 3.3% (w/v) sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), 6.6% (w/v) n-butanol, 0.8% (w/v) n-octane, and 10 mmol/L sodium tetraborate buffer (pH 9.2), which was also used as the solvent for ultrasonic extraction of both water- and fat-soluble compounds in the traditional Chinese medicine samples. Four batches of resina draconis obtained from different pharmaceutical factories located in different geographic regions were used to establish the electrophoretic fingerprint. MEEKC was performed using a Beckman PACE/MDQ system equipped with a diode-array detector and with monitoring at 280 nm. The fingerprint of resina draconis comprised 27 common peaks within 100 min. The relative standard deviations of the relative migration time of these common peaks were less than 2.1%. Through repetitive injection of the sample solution six times in 24 h, all relative standard deviations of the migration time and peak area of loureirin A and loureirin B were less than 2.5 and 3.8%, which demonstrated that the method had good stability and reproducibility. The relative peak areas of these common peaks in the electropherograms of four batches of resina draconis were processed with two mathematical methods, the correlation coefficient and the interangle cosine, to valuate the similarity. The values of the similarity degree of all samples were more than 0.91, which showed resina draconis samples from different origins were consistent. On the other hand, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with photodiode-array detection was also applied to establish the fingerprint of resina draconis. The samples were separated with a LiChrospher C18 column using acetonitrile (solvent A) and water containing 0.1% H3PO4 (solvent B) as the mobile phase in linear gradient elution mode at a flow rate of 0.6 mL/min and detection was at 280 nm. There were only 20 common peaks in the HPLC fingerprint, and the values of the similarity degree of all samples were also more than 0.91. Though the similarity results of fingerprint analysis seemed to be the same, MEEKC resulted in more common peaks and higher separation efficiency for a variety of polarities of the components than HPLC. So, MEEKC was more suitable for development of the fingerprint of resina draconis.


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