Differential surface stress sensor for detection of chemical and biological species

Kang, K.; Nilsen-Hamilton, M.; Shrotriya, P.
October 2008
Applied Physics Letters;10/6/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 14, p143107
Academic Journal
We report a sensor consisting of two micromachined cantilevers (a sensing/reference pair) that is suitable for detection of chemical and biological species. The sensing strategy involves coating the sensing cantilever with receptors that have high affinities for the analyte. The presence of analyte is detected by determining the differential surface stress associated with its adsorption/absorption to the sensing cantilever. An interferometric technique is utilized to measure the differential bending of the sensing cantilever with respect to reference. Surface stress associated with hybridization of single stranded DNA is measured to demonstrate the unique advantages of the sensor.


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