Toward Validation of a Minimal Competence Phonetic Core for African American Children

Stockman, Ida J.
October 2008
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2008, Vol. 51 Issue 5, p1244
Academic Journal
Purpose: This study aimed to show (a) whether the minimal competence core (MCC) of consonants used by African American preschoolers in I. Stockman (2006) can be observed in a larger group of children using shorter and more controlled speech samples and (b) whether the MCC pass/fail outcomes are differentially related to performance on selected criterion measures of typical and atypical speech. Method: Word-initial single and clustered consonants were sampled in the conversational speech of 120 Head Start students who were distributed in a northern (Lansing, Michigan) and a southern (Baton Rouge, Louisiana) regional location. Results: The data generally corroborated the earlier preliminary report, which was based on just 7 children. More than 80% of the children met criteria for passing the core set of phonetic competencies, which included word-initial consonant clusters and 13 consonant singletons. Pass/fail outcomes were significantly related to suspected clinical delay and the overall Percentage of Consonants Correct--Revised (PCC-R). Conclusion: The initial consonant core identified in this study is potentially useful for identifying speech delay among young African American children. Clinical and research issues related to its use for diagnostic screening are discussed.


Related Articles

  • Building a Literacy Community: The Role of Literacy and Social Practice in Early Childhood Programs. Britsch, Susan J.; Meier, Daniel R. // Early Childhood Education Journal;Jun99, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p209 

    This article reports findings from two qualitatively based studies, one conducted at an urban preschool in Northern California and the other at a rural Head Start Center in the Midwest. By presenting detailed data from the two preschool sites, the article describes several ways to strengthen...

  • Head Start reauthorization may emphasize large-scale... Jacobson, Linda // Education Week;04/01/98, Vol. 17 Issue 29, p33 

    Reports on the reauthorization of Head Start, a preschool program for poor children in the United States. Need for a large-scale research on the program; Details on the major adjustments made to Head Start during its 1994 reauthorization.

  • Untitled.  // Grand Saline Sun (TX);12/11/2008, Vol. 112 Issue 50, p6 

    A photograph of Head Start program students in Grand Saline, Texas during an activity in the playground is presented.

  • Grassroots Report. Watkins, Christine // American Libraries;May2003, Vol. 34 Issue 5, p69 

    Focuses on Head Start learning and reading program for pre-school children, in line with its 40th anniversary. Contributions of libraries to the success of the program; Objectives of the program; Role of librarians in the program.

  • EARLY CHILDHOOD. SAMUELS, CHRISTINA A. // Education Week;2/6/2013, Vol. 32 Issue 20, p5 

    The article discusses the positive academic impact of U.S. preschool Head Start programs for children, according to the study "School Readiness in Children Living in Non-Parental Care: Impacts of Head Start" in the January-February 2013 issue of the journal "Applied Developmental Psychology."

  • The Use of Conversational Repairs by African American Preschoolers. Stockman, Ida J.; Karasinski, Laura; Guillory, Barbara // Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools;Oct2008, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p461 

    Purpose: This study aimed to describe the types and frequency of conversational repairs used by African American (AA) children in relationship to their geographic locations and levels of performance on commonly used speech-language measures. Method: The strategies used to initiate repairs and...

  • Project TIES: enhancing the affective... Karnes, M.B.; Johnson, L.J. // Children Today;May/Jun88, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p25 

    Project TIES (Teaching Interpersonal Skills to Strengthen Systems) was formed to support the efforts of Head Start programs. Describes how parents and teachers work together to help young children develop high self-esteem, build healthy self- concepts and acquire interpersonal skills.

  • It Ain't Child's Play. Friel, Brian // Government Executive;3/1/2008, Vol. 40 Issue 3, p58 

    The article presents information on the Government Performance and Results Act, passed by the U.S. Congress 15 years ago, to help the government achieve measurable results towards pre-established goals. It is stated that recently, Head Start, a prekindergarten program for low-income toddlers,...

  • Use of Storybook Reading to Increase Print Awareness in At-Risk Children. Justice, Laura M.; Ezell, Helen K. // American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology;Feb2002, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p17 

    This study evaluated the impact of participation in book-reading sessions with a print focus on print awareness in preschool children from low-income households. A book-reading intervention was conducted for 30 children enrolled in Head Start. Children were matched on chronological age and then...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics