Charge trapping at the low-k dielectric-silicon interface probed by the conductance and capacitance techniques

Atkin, J. M.; Cartier, E.; Shaw, T. M.; Laibowitz, R. B.; Heinz, T. F.
September 2008
Applied Physics Letters;9/22/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 12, p122902
Academic Journal
Trap states close to the interfaces in thin films of porous low-k dielectric materials are expected to affect interfacial barriers with contacts and consequently electrical leakage and reliability in these materials. These interfacial traps were investigated using capacitance and conductance measurements in metal/insulator/silicon capacitor structures composed of carbon-doped oxide low-k dielectric films with gold counterelectrodes. The measurements yielded information on the charge state of the low-k dielectric and an estimated density of traps near the Si interface of 2×1011 cm-2 eV-1, considerably greater than in typical SiO2 films. The effects of temperature and annealing were also investigated. An activation energy of 0.36±0.04 eV for trap filling and emptying was inferred.


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