Dislocation density reduction in multicrystalline silicon solar cell material by high temperature annealing

Hartman, Katy; Bertoni, Mariana; Serdy, James; Buonassisi, Tonio
September 2008
Applied Physics Letters;9/22/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 12, p122108
Academic Journal
We propose and demonstrate a method to remove performance-limiting dislocations from multicrystalline silicon (mc-Si) solar cell material, appropriate for wafers or bricks. Dislocation density reductions of >95% are achieved in commercial mc-Si via high temperature annealing with an impurity diffusion barrier, with controlled ambient and time-temperature profiles. The dislocation density reduction follows temperature-dependent models developed by Kuhlmann [Proc. Phys. Soc., London, Sect. A 64, 140 (1951)] and Nes [Acta Metall. Mater. 43, 2189 (1995)]. It is believed that higher annealing temperatures (>1170 °C) allow dislocation movement unconstrained by crystallographic glide planes, leading to dislocation annihilation within minutes.


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