Surface plasmons induced extra diffraction band of cholesteric liquid crystal grating

Hung, Wen-Chi; Cheng, Wood-Hi; Lin, Yu-Sung; Jang, Der-Jun; Jiang, I-Min; Tsai, Ming-Shan
September 2008
Journal of Applied Physics;Sep2008, Vol. 104 Issue 6, p063106
Academic Journal
Diffraction behavior of cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC) grating with the surface plasmon effect was investigated. One indium tin oxide plate of the CLC grating cell was covered with silver nanoparticles. With the application of a proper voltage, a well formed phase grating was constructed in the CLC cell. The CLC grating was probed by a beam of the polarized-monochromatic light, and the wavelength range was from 450 to 700 nm. It was shown that an extra first-order diffraction band was observed around 505 nm. The physical reason of the extra diffraction band could be the surface plasma effect emerged from silver nanoparticles. The extra diffraction band due to the surface plasmon effect can offer potential applications in nano-optics, such as the optical switch function.


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