Pulsed electric current sintering of electrically conductive ceramics

Vanmeensel, K.; Huang, S.; Laptev, A.; Salehi, S.; Swarnakar, A.; Biest, O.; Vleugels, J.
October 2008
Journal of Materials Science;Oct2008, Vol. 43 Issue 19, p6435
Academic Journal
The processing of yttria-stabilised zirconia (Y-ZrO2)-based ceramic nanocomposites by means of pulsed electric current sintering (PECS) is described. A nanometer-sized electrically conductive secondary TiCN phase was added to the insulating zirconia matrix in order to make the composite electrically conductive. The paper focuses on the importance of processing conditions and highlights the benefits of the PECS method as compared to more traditional hot pressing. The mechanical and microstructural properties of the ZrO2–TiCN composites have been determined, and the benefits of using an electrical current to densify these composites were explained in terms of the evolution of the electrical properties of the densifying powder compact.


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