Characteristics of GaN-based photonic crystal surface emitting lasers

Tien-chang Lu; Shih-Wei Chen; Tsung-Ting Kao; Tzu-Wei Liu
September 2008
Applied Physics Letters;9/15/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 11, p111111
Academic Journal
Characteristics of GaN-based photonic crystal surface emitting lasers (PCSELs) were investigated and analyzed. The GaN-based PCSEL emits a blue wavelength at 401.8 nm with a linewidth of 1.6 Å and shows a threshold energy density about 2.7 mJ/cm2 under the optical pumping at room temperature. The lasing wavelength emitted from PCSELs with different lattice constants occurs at the calculated band edges showing different polarization angles due to the light diffracted in specific directions, corresponding exactly to Γ, K, and M directions in the K-space. Furthermore, the PCSEL also shows a spontaneous emission coupling efficiency β of about 5×10-3 and a characteristic temperature of 148 K.


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