Direct and simultaneous profiling of epoxyeicosatrienoic acid enantiomers by capillary tandem column chiral-phase liquid chromatography with dual online photodiode array and tandem mass spectrometric detection

Kiss, Ladislau; Bier, Jens; Röder, Yasmin; Weissmann, Norbert; Grimminger, Friedrich; Seeger, Werner
October 2008
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Oct2008, Vol. 392 Issue 4, p717
Academic Journal
Despite first evidence for the cytochrome P450-mediated enantioselective biosynthesis and activity of cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), as yet little is known about the stereospecifity of EET generation and physiology, because the existing chiral methods are time consuming, labor intensive, and not sensitive enough. We present a method for highly sensitive, direct, and simultaneous chiral analysis of all eight EET enantiomers consisting of (i) solid-phase extraction, (ii) reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic purification followed by (iii) consecutive regio- and enantiomeric separation of the four underivatized EET regioisomers within one chromatographic run employing capillary tandem column chiral-phase liquid chromatography with (iv) reliable dual online photodiode array and gentle electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometric identification and quantitation of the eluting optical antipodes. This one-step, simple, expeditious, and highly sensitive measurement allows profiling of all eight EET enantiomers at once, thus avoiding substance loss and enabling high sample throughput. Limits of quantification in the low picogram range were achieved by the use of capillary columns with typical high quantitative sensitivity instead of conventional columns with low chromatographic signal intensity employed by previous methods. Application to tissue homogenates demonstrated the suitability of this approach for routine and reliable “enantioprofiling” of free endogenous EETs, i.e., EETs not esterified into cellular membrane phospholipids, typically occurring at very low concentrations. The technique can readily be employed for preparative purification of enantiomers in the microgram range using large-inner-diameter columns. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]


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