TITLE

Rozwój koncepcji schizofrenii i narzędzi do jej diagnozy

AUTHOR(S)
Frydecka, Dorota; Kiejna, Andrzej
PUB. DATE
July 2008
SOURCE
Psychiatria Polska;2008, Vol. 42 Issue 4, p477
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Despite the fact that along the last 100 years a number of diagnostic systems and clinical models of schizophrenia have been proposed, defining this psychiatric disorder in a manner acceptable in both clinical and research settings remains one of the most difficult tasks in psychiatry. While the description of symptoms and signs of the disorder has remained mainly unchanged over the years, the way in which the authors have articulated the varied phenomenological manifestations has been different across periods. Great strides that have been made in recent years have brought about a convergence on a definition of the illness as well as methods of assessment that are acceptable to workers from research centres across the world. The structured interviews brought an organizational focus to the traditional psychiatric interview that provided a strict format and directions to the interviewer, which enables systematic assessment of all the criteria necessary for a diagnosis according to the given diagnostic system. Having a consensually shared set of diagnostic criteria as well as structured assessment devices helped to ensure a more common unit of analysis in research across the world. Though most workers would hail the operationalization of diagnostic criteria as an advance in psychiatry, there remain concerns about the impact that the quest for increased diagnostic reliability might have on validity. Given that the ultimate goal of any diagnostic system is to provide insights into the aetiology, pathophysiology and treatment of the disorder, examining various alternative diagnostic constructs and their validity is still an important area of schizophrenia research.
ACCESSION #
34410103

 

Related Articles

  • Symptom Assessment in Schizophrenic Prodromal States. Miller, Tandy J.; McGlashan, Thomas H.; Woods, Scott W.; Stein, Kelly; Driesen, Naomi; Corcoran, Cheryl M.; Hoffman, Ralph; Davidson, Larry // Psychiatric Quarterly;Dec1999, Vol. 70 Issue 4, p273 

    Individuals who develop schizophrenia often suffer long standing deficits. All too often available treatments remain palliative and do not improve the long-term course of illness. The neurobiological deficits associated with the onset of schizophrenia may be most active and damaging in the early...

  • FIRST RANK SYMPTOMS IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF SCHIZOPHRENIA. Idrees, Mohammad; Khan, Imran; Irfan, Muhammad; Sarwar, Robina // JPMI: Journal of Postgraduate Medical Institute;2010, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p323 

    Objectives: To determine the usefulness of Schneider's first rank symptoms of schizophrenia. Methodology: Patients suffering from schizophrenia, admitted to the Psychiatry Ward Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar during the year 2009 were selected by non probability purposive sampling. It was a...

  • Assessment of drug attitudes in patients with schizophrenia: psychometric properties of the DAI Spanish version.  // Actas Espanolas de Psiquiatria;may2004, Vol. 32 Issue 3, p138 

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to translate into Spanish and evaluate interrater reliability, internal consistency, and convergent validity with the Insight Treatment Questionnaire (ITAQ) and Buchanan's compliance measure, and their relation with sociodemographic and clinical...

  • Lifetime prevalence of psychotic disorders in Finland is 3.1%.  // Evidence Based Mental Health;Aug2007, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p96 

    The article presents a cross-sectional study which determines how common are psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar I disorder in 80 areas in Finland in 2000-2004. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview was administered to the randomly selected people aged over 30 years...

  • Assessing the functional value of relatives' knowledge about schizophrenia: a preliminary report. Barrowclough, C.; Tarrier, N.; Watts, S.; Vaughn, C.; Bamrah, J.S.; Freeman, H.L. // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jul87, Vol. 151, p1 

    An instrument for assessing and evaluating what relatives know about schizophrenia was evaluated as both a pre- and a post-test for an educational programme. The Knowledge About Schizophrenia Interview (KASI) places emphasis on the functional value of the reported knowledge rather than on the...

  • Normal asymmetry of the planum temporale in patients with schizophrenia. Three-dimensional cortical morphometry with MRI. Kulynych, Jennifer J.; Vladar, Katalin; Fantie, Bryan D.; Jones, Douglas W.; Weinberger, Daniel A.; Kulynych, J J; Vladar, K; Fantie, B D; Jones, D W; Weinberger, D R // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jun95, Vol. 166, p742 

    Background: Abnormal cerebral anatomical lateralisation has been reported in schizophrenia and may implicate anomalous neurodevelopment in the aetiology of this disease. A popular recent hypothesis has predicted that such disturbances in normal lateralisation should be especially...

  • Psychiatric Morbidity and the Menopause: Survey of a Gynaecological Out-Patient Clinic. Balllinger, C. Barbara // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jul77, Vol. 131, p83 

    Two hundred and seventeen women between the ages of 40 and 55 years referred to a gynaecological out-patient clinic were screened for psychiatric illness by means of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ,) and a brief special questionnaire. Of the 114 women identified as possible psychiatric...

  • A form-free psychiatric evaluation. Saunders, Carol S. // Patient Care;8/15/1999, Vol. 33 Issue 13, p51 

    Presents a plan for a form-free psychiatric evaluation. Interviewing skills and practical information for detecting psychiatric conditions; Psychiatric screening issues; Lack of guidelines for psychiatric evaluation; Sorting somatic and psychiatric complaints; Tips in conducting a psychiatric...

  • Nongenetic factors play role in causing schizophrenia. Dale, David C.; Federman, Daniel D. // Cortlandt Forum;02/25/98, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p22 

    Reveals the nongenetic causes of schizophrenia in persons who are genetically vulnerable to the illness. Stochastic developmental elements; Utero difficulties; Perinatal complications.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics