Theory of grain boundary diffusion induced by the Kirkendall effect

Hui-Chia Yu; Van der Ven, A.; Thornton, K.
September 2008
Applied Physics Letters;9/1/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 9, p091908
Academic Journal
A set of coupled diffusion equations is numerically solved to demonstrate that grain boundary diffusion is significantly enhanced when diffusing atomic species have dissimilar atomic hop frequencies in the bulk. The model is based on a rigorous treatment of two-component substitutional diffusion where vacancies are treated as an additional species. By examining the concentration fields and the eigenvalues of the diffusivity matrix, the origin of the enhanced grain boundary diffusion is explained in terms of the Kirkendall effect.


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