Modulation by Clamping: Kv4 and KChIP Interactions

KeWei Wang
October 2008
Neurochemical Research;Oct2008, Vol. 33 Issue 10, p1964
Academic Journal
Abstract  The rapidly inactivating (A-type) potassium channels regulate membrane excitability that defines the fundamental mechanism of neuronal functions such as pain signaling. Cytosolic Kv channel-interacting proteins KChIPs that belong to neuronal calcium sensor (NCS) family of calcium binding EF-hand proteins co-assemble with Kv4 (Shal) α subunits to form a native complex that encodes major components of neuronal somatodendritic A-type K current, ISA, in neurons and transient outward current, ITO, in cardiac myocytes. The specific binding of auxiliary KChIPs to the Kv4 N-terminus results in modulation of gating properties, surface expression and subunit assembly of Kv4 channels. Here, I attempt to emphasize the interaction between KChIPs and Kv4 based on recent progress made in understanding the structure complex in which a single KChIP1 molecule laterally clamps two neighboring Kv4.3 N-termini in a 4:4 manner. Greater insights into molecular mechanism between KChIPs and Kv4 interaction may provide therapeutic potentials of designing compounds aimed at disrupting the protein–protein interaction for treatment of membrane excitability-related disorders.


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