Endocrine and Metabolic Manifestations on Invasive Fungal Infections and Systemic Antifungal Treatment

Lionakis, Michail S.; Samonis, George; Kontoyiannis, Dimitrios P.
September 2008
Mayo Clinic Proceedings;Sep2008, Vol. 83 Issue 9, p1046
Academic Journal
Systemic fungal Infections are increasingly reported in immuno-compromised patients with hematological malignancies, recipients of bone marrow and solid organ allografts, and patients with AIDS. Mycoses may infiltrate endocrine organs and adversely affect their function or produce metabolic complications, such as hypopituitarism, hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, pancreatitis, hypoadrenalism, hypogonadism, hypernatremia or hyponatremia, and hypercalcemia. Antifungal agents used for prophylaxis and/or treatment of mycoses also have adverse endocrine and metabolic effects, including hypoadrenalism, hypogonadism, hypoglycemia, dyslipidemia, hypernatremia, hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, hyperkalemia or hypokalemia, and hypomagnesemia. Herein, we review how mycoses and conventional systemic antifungal treatment can affect the endocrine system and cause metabolic abnormalities. If clinicians are equipped with better knowledge of the endocrine and metabolic complications of fungal Infections and antifungal therapy, they can more readily recognize them and favorably affect outcome.


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