Magnetic behavior of graphene absorbed with N, O, and F atoms: A first-principles study

Wu, M.; Liu, En-Zuo; Jiang, J. Z.
August 2008
Applied Physics Letters;8/25/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 8, p082504
Academic Journal
Stable configurations, electronic structures, and magnetic behaviors for N, O, and F absorptions on graphene have been investigated by first-principles calculations. It is found that F atom is located just above the C atom, while both O and N atoms are located above the carbon-carbon bond. Strong interactions between absorbers and C atoms exist. N adatom has an unsaturated electron and its electrons are polarized, inducing 0.84 μB magnetic moment per N atom for graphene, while both F and O adatoms do not have polarized electrons, which results in no net magnetic moment. Possible mechanisms were discussed for different magnetic behaviors of graphene absorbed with N, O, and F atoms. We find that the p-type doping of graphene by N atom can result in strongly spin-polarized impurity states, which may lead to a possible pathway to high temperature magnetic order in graphene.


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