Retfærdiggørelse, ideologi, kritik

Albertsen, Niels
July 2008
Dansk Sociologi;jul2008, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p64
Academic Journal
The aim of this article is threefold. The first task is to explicate the connections between the concepts of justification, ideology and critique in Luc Boltanski's and Ève Chiapello's magnum opus, The New Spirit of Capitalism. The second is to elucidate the relationship between sociology of critique and critical sociology. In the 1980-90s Boltanski argued that critical sociology, which approaches social actors critically in search of "hidden" explanations "behind their backs", should be replaced by sociology of critique, which investigates the critical competencies of the social actors themselves. In The New Spirit of Capitalism, however, critical sociology shows up again. How consistent is this move? The third aim is to clarify Boltanski's and Chiapello's theoretical position by confronting it with Marxist conceptions of ideology and critique (Karl Marx and Slavoj Žižek) and with actor-network theory (Bruno Latour). A quick look at Axel Honneth's recognition-oriented renewal of critical theory further con- tributes to the clarification. The main conclusion is that sociology of critique has helped reformulate critical sociology as pragmatic critique, as critical sociology of critique that does not operate with deep, transcendent foundations.


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