Effect of a seashell protein Haishengsu on cell growth and expression of apoptosis genes in leukemia K562 cells

Guang-Yao Li; Ji-Zhu Liu; Xiao-Min Yu; Shuang-Feng Chen; Bin Zhang; Wei-Feng Zhang; Tai-Wu Xiao; Chun-Bo Wang; Le-Xin Wang
August 2008
Clinical & Investigative Medicine;Aug2008, Vol. 31 Issue 4, pE218
Academic Journal
Objectives: To investigate the effect of a seashell protein Haishengsu (HSS), an extract from a shellfish Tegillarca granosa, on cell growth and the expression of apoptosis genes in leukemia K562 cells. Methods: Cultured K562 cells were treated with HSS at various concentrations (10-40mg/L). The cell cycle, cell growth and the expression of apoptosis suppressor gene bcl-2 and apoptosis promoting gene bax were evaluated. Results: HSS, 20mg/L, inhibited cell cycle in the G0/G1 and S phases. HSS, 20mg/L, also inhibited the growth of K562 cells over time. Expression of bcl-2 gene in the HSS 20mg/L (58.8%±4.7%) and HSS 40mg/L group (26.6%±2.1%) were lower than in the control group (91.0±8.7%, P<0.01). Expression of bax gene in the HSS 20mg/L (77.7±3.6%) and 40mg/L group (90.6±3.7%) were higher than in the control group (10.9±6.6%, P<0.01). Conclusion: HSS suppresses leukemia K562 cell growth by inhibiting the G0/G1 and S phases of the cell cycle. It also induces apoptosis in these leukemia cells by reducing the expression of apoptosis suppressor gene bcl-2, and increasing the expression of apoptosis promoting gene bax. Further studies are required to investigate the clinical efficacy of HSS in leukemia.


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