Clinicopathological evaluation of immunohistochemical Ki-67 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression in intracranial ependymoma

Xuetao Yan; Xiaoli Cheng; Juyin Liu; Dongqin Luo; Xianghu He; Feng Chen; Chengming Qin; Yanlin Wang
August 2008
Clinical & Investigative Medicine;Aug2008, Vol. 31 Issue 4, pE206
Academic Journal
Purpose: To analyze the association between Ki-67 and eNOS expression with the pathological grades of patients with intracranial ependymomas, and to determine its value in distinguishing the progression of the disease. Methods: A clinicopathological study was undertaken in 82 patients with intracranial ependymomas. Tissue samples, obtained by tumour resection, were divided into three groups: low-grade, mid-grade and high-grade ependymomas. Tissue samples obtained from 15 patients with brain contusion were used as control. Immuno-histochemical staining was performed to analyze the association between Ki-67 and eNOS expression with various tumour grades. The cell proliferating marker Ki-67 was assessed by positive cell count. The levels of eNOS positive expression were evaluated as slight, moderate and intense. Results: 48 of 82 cases (58.54%) expressed Ki-67 protein. Expression of Ki-67 and eNOS was negative in all control samples. Positive cell rates were 2.65±0.83 % in the lowgrade, 9.63±0.08 % in the mid-grade, and 28.41±0.71 % in the high-grade ependymoma groups. In low-grade ependymomas there were 8 and 12 cases that expressed eNOS slightly or moderately. In the mid-grade ependymoma group eNOS was expressed moderately in 10 cases and intensely in 15. In the high-grade group 20 cases showed intense positive expression of eNOS. The Ki-67 positive cell counts for slight, moderate and intense eNOS expression were 2.20, 6.07 and 22.25, respectively. Conclusion: Ki-67 and eNOS expression in intracranial ependymoma tissue was associated with the histopathological grade and malignant degree.


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