On the origin of ferromagnetism in CeO2 nanocubes

Ge, M. Y.; H. Wang; E. Z. Liu; J. F. Liu; J. Z. Jiang; Y. K. Li; Z. A. Xu; H. Y. Li
August 2008
Applied Physics Letters;8/11/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 6, p062505
Academic Journal
Magnetic behaviors of pure CeO2 nanoparticles and nanocubes have been investigated both experimentally and theoretically. It is found that monodisperse CeO2 nanocubes with an average size of 5.3 nm do show ferromagnetic behavior at ambient temperature with a saturation magnetization of about 5.7 memu/g and coercive force of about 69 Oe. First-principles calculations reveal that oxygen vacancies in pure CeO2 cause spin polarization of f electrons for Ce ions surrounding oxygen vacancies, resulting in net magnetic moment for pure CeO2 samples. One oxygen vacancy at surface can induce more magnetic moments than those induced by one oxygen vacancy in bulk. The results obtained here provide evidence that pure CeO2 sample with oxygen vacancies can indeed have magnetic behavior. This study will stimulate more investigations for understanding the origin of ferromagnetic TM-doped CeO2 (TM=3d transition metals) in a particular case and TM-doped semiconductor oxides in general at ambient temperature.


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