Valde, Zulema
February 2008
Race, Gender & Class;2008, Vol. 15 Issue 1/2, p156
Academic Journal
The traditional ethnic entrepreneurship paradigm suggests that resource mobilization based on ethnic group membership and the particular structural conditions of the economy and society combine to facilitate ethnic enterprise. Yet, this model remains largely descriptive and imprecise with respect to how and why class and ethnic resources and structural opportunity matter. Furthermore, this approach neglects to consider the likelihood that other non-ethnic social groupings distinct from ethnicity, such as those rooted in class, gender, or racial group affiliation, might also influence entrepreneurship. To address these concerns, this article introduces an "embedded market" (Block, 2003; Polanyi, 1944) approach that situates the role of group affiliation within the context of American capitalism. This approach begins with the premise that the role of group affiliation in economic action originates in and is maintained and reproduced by the social structure of the capitalist system in which it is embedded. Specifically, the embedded market approach reconsiders ethnic group membership, along with other politically-influenced social groupings (e.g. class, gender, nativity, and race) as non-essential relationships of reciprocity. In this conception, group affiliation provides the basis for compensatory relief in the form of social capital to augment market uncertainty in the modern market economy. This article uses the case of Latina domésticas to demonstrate the compensatory role of group affiliation and its corollary social capital in facilitating ethnic and "non-ethnic" enterprise in American capitalism.


Related Articles

  • Characteristics And Role Demands Of Entrepreneurship. Timmons, Jeffry A. // American Journal of Small Business;Jul78, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p5 

    In the past decade interest in teaching and research on entrepreneurship has grown dramatically. More than one hundred universities now offer new venture creation and entrepreneurship courses that did not previously. Since 1973 we have seen nearly a dozen new books designed for college courses...

  • Comercio inmigrante y economías étnicas: síntesis y críticas de los debates vigentes. Garcés, Alejandro // Polis (07176554);2011, Vol. 10 Issue 29, Special section p1 

    This paper presents and discusses the main theoretical approaches that have been used to comprehend the new entrepreneurship created by immigrants in the process of insertion in host societies. These theoretical approaches are part of what has been named by the specialized literature as the...

  • ROLE OF THE NEGRO IN RACE RELATIONS IN THE SOUTH. Frazier, E. Franklin // Social Forces;Dec40, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p252 

    This article focuses on the role of Afro-Americans in race relations in the South. From the beginning, it appears, the presence of Afro-Americans in America gave rise to some race consciousness on the part of the whites. Despite some recent attempts to show that Afro-Americans were extremely...

  • ORGANIZING THE POOR. Stevens, Charles S. // Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare;Sep1978, Vol. 5 Issue 5, p744 

    The article discusses possibilities for large-scale politicalization of the ethnic poor because of their interweaving of class factors with ethnic issues. They contend that the racial-ethnic factor will cement solidarity of groups toward political mobilization. Ethnicity becomes of...

  • AN ETHNIC GROUP'S VIEW OF THE AMERICAN MIDDLE CLASS.  // American Sociological Review;Dec46, Vol. 11 Issue 6, p715 

    The article presents the paper is based on five years of field work carried on by undergraduates at Wellesley College, Massacheusets, in connection with a course on American ethnic groups, though use will be made only of the results obtained. The students came in contact with some two or three...

  • Entrepreneurs build a foundation for prosperity, not corporate America. Stearns, Tim M. // Business Journal Serving Fresno & the Central San Joaquin Valley;03/15/99, Issue 322433, p6 

    Discusses the role played by entrepreneurs in ensuring the strength of the United States' economy. Entrepreneurs as drivers of innovation; Job creation through entrepreneurship; Rise in number of people who pursue self-employment; Keys to creating a climate that is supportive of the emergence...

  • A retail renaissance in Broniville. Fallon, Bill // Westchester County Business Journal;5/3/2010, Vol. 49 Issue 18, p1 

    The article focuses on the revival of retail business in Bronxville, New York. It mentions several new stores which include a bakery, a shoe outlet and a restaurant and food service business. It also presents several reopening or expansion of former businesses which include La Dentelliere, a...

  • Others envy U.S. entrepreneurial spirit. Martinez, Michelle Neely // HR Magazine;Mar95, Vol. 40 Issue 3, p14 

    Reports on global business leaders' admiration for the entrepreneurial spirit of United States companies. Results of Economic Intelligence Unit's `Transforming the Global Corporation' study; U.S. businesses' view of Asia-Pacific and European cultural characteristics which fuel economic growth;...

  • The Force of Entrepreneurship. Bays, Karl D. // Business Horizons;Jan/Feb88, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p2 

    Discusses the concept of force of entrepreneurship in various business enterprises in the United States. Importance of revitalization in the company; Expansion of the hospital system; Emergence of the managed care systems in the business enterprises.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics