Purnell-webb, Patricia; Speelman, Craig P.
June 2008
Perceptual & Motor Skills;Jun2008, Vol. 106 Issue 3, p927
Academic Journal
Previous research has suggested that the use of song can facilitate recall of text. This study examined the effect of repetition of a melody across verses, familiarity with the melody, rhythm, and other structural processing hypotheses to explain this phenomenon. Two experiments were conducted, each with 100 participants recruited from undergraduate Psychology programs (44 men, 156 women, M age = 28.5 yr., SD = 9.4). In Exp. 1, participants learned a four-verse ballad in one of five encoding conditions (familiar melody, unfamiliar melody, unknown rhythm, known rhythm, and spoken). Exp. 2 assessed the effect of familiarity in rhythm-only conditions and of pre-exposure with a previously unfamiliar melody. Measures taken were number of verbatim words recalled and number of lines produced with correct syllabic structure. Analysis indicated that rhythm, with or without musical accompaniment, can facilitate recall of text, suggesting that rhythm may provide a schematic frame to which text can be attached. Similarly, familiarity with the rhythm or melody facilitated recall. Findings are discussed in terms of integration and dual-processing theories.


Related Articles

  • Master your memory.  // New Scientist;10/6/2012, Vol. 216 Issue 2885, p1 

    The article offers discusses ways individuals can master their memory. Topics discussed include effective ways to memorise new material, the link between exercise and mental acuity, and various experiments that suggest acting out an idea with relevant hand gestures can improve recall in...

  • Name or hum that tune: Feeling of knowing for music. Peynircioglu, Zehra F.; Tekcan, Ali I. // Memory & Cognition;Nov98, Vol. 26 Issue 6, p1131 

    Explores the feeling of knowing (FOK) for musical stimuli. Ratings among subjects who attempted to recall melodies and titles of musical pieces; Number of titles recalled in instrumental music; Increase in the number of recalled titles of songs with lyrics that are not presented; Accuracy of...

  • THE CRAZIEST DICTURES. Andre-Clark, Alice // Appleseeds;Jul/Aug2012, Vol. 14 Issue 9, p10 

    The article offers information on the tools used by mental athletes to create the weirdest, silliest pictures to remember something. It states that things can be remembered by associating them with a place, and a string of numbers can be memorized by thinking of a person, an action or an object...

  • Pimp my memory. Robson, David // New Scientist;4/2/2011, Vol. 210 Issue 2806, p40 

    The article focuses on strategies to improve memory. Chinese businessman and world record holder for reciting pi, Chao Lu, used mnemonics. A memory aid invented by ancient Greeks called the method of loci and a phonetic system for memory recall developed in the Renaissance are mentioned. Studies...

  • The effects of divided attention at study and test on false recognition: A comparison of DRM and categorized lists. Knott, Lauren M.; Dewhurst, Stephen A. // Memory & Cognition;Dec2007, Vol. 35 Issue 8, p1954 

    Three experiments investigated the effects of divided attention at encoding and retrieval on false recognition. In Experiment 1, participants studied word lists in either full or divided attention (random number generation) conditions and then took part in a recognition test with full attention....

  • Faster decline of pitch memory over time in congenital amusia. Williamson, Victoria J.; McDonald, Claire; Deutsch, Diana; Griffiths, Timothy D.; Stewart, Lauren // Advances in Cognitive Psychology;2010, Vol. 6, p15 

    Congenital amusia (amusia, hereafter) is a developmental disorder that impacts negatively on the perception of music. Psychophysical testing suggests that individuals with amusia have above average thresholds for detection of pitch change and pitch direction discrimination; however, a low-level...

  • On the formation of collective memories: The role of a dominant narrator. Cuc, Alexandru; Ozuru, Yasuhiro; Manier, David; Hirst, William // Memory & Cognition;Jun2006, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p752 

    To test our hypothesis that conversations can contribute to the formation of collective memory, we asked participants to study stories and to recall them individually (pregroup recollection), then as a group (group recounting), and then once again individually (postgroup recollection). One way...

  • The Effect of the Length of To-Be-Remembered Lists and Intervening Lists on Free Recall: A Reexamination Using Overt Rehearsal. Ward, Geoff; Tan, Lydia // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition;Nov2004, Vol. 30 Issue 6, p1196 

    In 3 experiments, the authors investigated the effects of to-be-remembered (TBR) and intervening list length on free recall to determine whether selective rehearsal could explain the previous finding that recall was affected only by TBR list length. In Experiments 1 (covert rehearsal) and 2...

  • Abolishing the Word-Length Effect. Hulme, Charles; Stuart, George; Suprenant, Aimee M.; Bireta, Tamra J.; Neath, Ian // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition;Jan2004, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p98 

    Reports two experiments that compare the recall of long and short words in pure and mixed lists. Observation that in pure lists, long words were poorly remembered than short words while in mixed lists, this word-length effect was abolished and both the long and short words were recalled as well...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics