Improving the Positive Predictive Value of Screening for Developmental Language Disorder
- A system for the diagnosis of specific language impairment in kindergarten children. Tomblin, J. Bruce; Records, Nancy L. // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Dec96, Vol. 39 Issue 6, p1284
Describes a valid and reliable diagnostic standard for specific language impairment (SLI) in kindergarten children. Background on diagnosis of SLI; Issues of norm-referenced interpretation; Magnitude of discrepancy; Specific areas of language measured in the system.
- A successful collaboration. Miller, Jon; Lyngaas, Kathy // ASHA;Jun/Jul95, Vol. 37 Issue 6/7, p47
Discusses the development of Language Sample Analysis (LSA) which is used to identify children with language disorders. Four steps for LSA process; Calculation of the mean length of utterance; LSA in diagnostic reports. INSET: Using LSA in the schools..
- Possible problem. Hales, Dianne // Working Mother;May96, p70
Reports on the effect of language disorders on children's ability to achieve academic success, and the signs which parents should for to determine the presence of this condition. Tendency to misunderstand directions and questions; Frequent misdiagnosis of speech/language disorders in children;...
- Difference in Standard Scores of Adults on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (Revised and Third Edition). Pankratz, Mary; Morrison, Andrea; Plante, Elena // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2004, Vol. 47 Issue 3, p714
Differences in the standard scores for the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (PPVT-R; L. M. Dunn & L. M. Dunn, 1981) and the PPVT-Third Edition (PPVT-III; Dunn & Dunn, 1997b) are known to exist for children, with typically higher scores occurring on the PPVT-III. However, these tests are...
- The Internal Validity and Acceptability of the Danish SI-3: A Language-Screening Instrument for 3-Year-Olds. Bleses, Dorthe; Vach, Werner; Jørgensen, Rune N.; Worm, Torben // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2010, Vol. 53 Issue 2, p490
Purpose: To document the development of a new parent- and day care-administered screening instrument (the Screening Instrument for 3-Year-Olds [SI-3]) to be used in a newly implemented, educationally motivated population language screening in Denmark. The authors investigated whether the basic...
- Dyslexia revisited: History, educational philosophy, and clinical assessment applications. Rooney, Karen J. // Intervention in School & Clinic;Sep95, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p6
Provides an overview of dyslexia. Definition of terms; Guidelines for evaluation of individuals with language-processing problems.
- Comparison of two methods for promoting productive vocabulary in late talkers. Weismer, Susan Ellis; Murray-Branch, Jamie // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Oct93, Vol. 36 Issue 5, p1037
Compares the effectiveness of two different language treatment methods in the promotion of productive vocabularies among three toddlers identified as late talkers. Differentiation of methods; Application of single-subject alternating treatments design; Implications of results with regard to...
- Selection of preschool language tests: a data-based approach. Plante, Elena; Vance, Rebecca // Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools;Jan94, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p15
Discusses preschool language test selection from a data-based perspective. Language disorders; 21 tests of language skills on norms for children ages four to five on ten psychometric criteria; Interexaminer reliability; Correlations with a measure of nonverbal skills.
- The use of spontaneous language measures as criteria for identifying children with specific... Dunn, Michelle; Flax, Judith // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Jun96, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p643
Examines the differences in groups of preschool children with specific language impairment (SLI) who were and were not identified as SLI through psychometric discrepancy criteria as well as the validity of quantitative measures. Standardized testing; Plays sessions; Spontaneous language rating...