Crystal growth of phosphor perovskite titanate thin films under excimer laser irradiation

Nakajima, Tomohiko; Tsuchiya, Tetsuo; Kumagai, Toshiya
October 2008
Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing;Oct2008, Vol. 93 Issue 1, p51
Academic Journal
Ca0.997Pr0.002TiO3 (CPTO) thin films that show strong red luminescence were successfully prepared by means of an excimer laser assisted metal organic deposition (ELAMOD) process with a KrF laser at a fluence of 100 mJ/cm2, a pulse duration of 26 ns, and a repetition rate of 20 Hz at 100°C in air. The CPTO films grew on the silica, borosilicate, and indium-tin-oxide (ITO) glasses. The crystallinity of the CPTO films depended on the substrates; the films were well grown on the borosilicate and ITO glasses compared to the silica glass. To elucidate the key factors for the crystallization of the CPTO films in this process, we carried out numerical simulations for the temperature variation at the laser irradiation, using a heat diffusion equation, and compared the experimental data with thermal simulations. According to the results, we have shown that a large optical absorbance of the film and a small thermal conductivity of the substrate provide effective annealing time and temperature for the crystallization of the CPTO films, and polycrystalline intermediate layer which has a large optical absorption such as the ITO also plays a key role for the nucleation of the CPTO crystals in the ELAMOD process.


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