Large Forecast Degradations due to Synoptic Surveillance during the 2004 and 2005 Hurricane Seasons

Aberson, Sim D.
August 2008
Monthly Weather Review;Aug2008, Vol. 136 Issue 8, p3138
Academic Journal
Though operational tropical cyclone synoptic surveillance generally leads to smaller track forecast errors in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Global Forecasting System (GFS) than would occur otherwise, not every case is improved. Very large GFS forecast degradations due to surveillance are investigated. Small perturbations to model initial conditions may have a large impact locally or downstream in a short time. In these cases, the perturbations are due either to erroneous data assimilated into the models or to issues with the complex data assimilation system itself, and may have caused the forecast degradations. Investigation of forecast and observing system failures can lead to procedural changes that may eliminate some causes of future large forecast errors.


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