TITLE

Changes in Liver Function Tests After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: Not So Rare, Not Always Ominous

AUTHOR(S)
Saber, Alan A.; Laraja, Raymond D.; Nalbandian, Harout I.; Pablos-Mendez, Ariel; Hanna, Kayan
PUB. DATE
July 2000
SOURCE
American Surgeon;Jul2000, Vol. 66 Issue 7, p699
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The incidental findings of increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate amino transferase (AST) after uneventful laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) prompted us to investigate the incidence and the clinical significance of this phenomenon. Changes in liver function test after LC (n = 55) were compared with those after OC (n = 16). Liver function tests were obtained preoperatively and postoperatively on days 1, 2, and 7. All of the patients fulfilled the selection criteria: normal preoperative liver function test and no endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, common bile duct exploration, or postoperative biliary complications (injury, infection, or obstruction). Converted cholecystectomies were also excluded. During LC, the intra-abdominal pressure was maintained within the conventional range of 14 to 15 mm Hg. ALT had doubled in the first 48 hours from the preoperative mean in 58.2 per cent in LC patients versus only 6.3 per cent in the OC group. AST doubled from the preoperative mean value in 38.2 per cent in the LC group versus only 6.3 per cent in the OC group. By the 7th postoperative day, the enzymes returned to the preoperative values in both the LC and the OC group. In many instances, a significant increase in ALT and AST blood levels occurred after uneventful LC. The phenomenon is transient as these enzymes returned to normal value within 7 days. These changes are clinically silent in patients with a normal liver function.
ACCESSION #
3361217

 

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