Influence de l'exercice physique pendant et après la plongée sur le risque d’accident de décompression

Gempp, Emmanuel; Blatteau, Jean-Éric
August 2008
Applied Physiology, Nutrition & Metabolism;Aug2008, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p666
Academic Journal
Exercise at depth and during decompression is a commonly accepted factor that affects the risk of decompression sickness in divers and aviators, but data documenting these effects are limited and conflicting. The mechanisms may be complex and influenced by several factors, such as the type and nature of exercise, the temporal course of the exercise in relation to the decompression procedure, and the diving profile. This paper reviews previous studies in this field of research, and discusses current concepts in diving activities. L’exercice physique pendant ou après la plongée est considéré historiquement comme un facteur de risque d’accident de décompression, mais les données expérimentales qui ont évalué ses effets sont limitées et contradictoires. Les mécanismes d’action de l’exercice sur la plongée sont complexes et influencés par plusieurs facteurs comme le type et la nature de l’exercice, la chronologie de l’exercice par rapport à la décompression et le profil de plongée. Après avoir exposé les résultats de l’ensemble des travaux publiés sur ce sujet, les auteurs font le point sur les connaissances actuelles.


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