TITLE

Silicosis-Related Years of Potential Life Lost Before Age 65 Years -- United States, 1968-2005

AUTHOR(S)
Mazurek, J. M.; Wood, J. M.
PUB. DATE
July 2008
SOURCE
MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;7/18/2008, Vol. 57 Issue 28, p771
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article looks at silicosis, a work-related disease caused by exposure to respirable crystalline silica in industries like construction and manufacturing. Data gathered in the U.S. from 1968 to 2005 related to years of potential life lost (YPLL) due to silicosis before the age of 65 are presented. It is also inferred that there was a decline in silicosis-attributable deaths among subjects aged 45-64 due to the implementation of industrial exposure standards and regulations.
ACCESSION #
33336705

 

Related Articles

  • Determination of Free Silica in a Set of Toners. GROSJEAN, ROGER; ACKERMANS, HARRY; DE RIDDER, MAURITS; DE MEESTER, MARC // Annals of Occupational Hygiene;1998, Vol. 42 Issue 3, p219 

    A recent publication suggests a link between occupational exposure to toners (e.g. in a photo copying shop) and a pneumoconlosis type of disease. A set of toners used for printing or photo copying was analysed to Identify the presence of crystalline silica. The result of this survey indicate...

  • Biomarkers of silicosis: Potential candidates. Tiwari, R. R. // Indian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Sep-Dec2005, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p103 

    Silica dust is widely prevalent in the atmosphere and more common than the other types of dust, thus making silicosis the most frequently occurring pneumoconiosis. In India also, studies carried out by National Institute of Occupational Health have shown high prevalence of silicosis in small...

  • Systemic Inhibition of NF-κB Activation Protects from Silicosis. Di Giuseppe, Michelangelo; Gambelli, Federica; Hoyle, Gary W.; Lungarella, Giuseppe; Studer, Sean M.; Richards, Thomas; Yousem, Sam; McCurry, Ken; Dauber, James; Kaminski, Naftali; Leikauf, George; Ortiz, Luis A. // PLoS ONE;2009, Vol. 4 Issue 5, p1 

    Background: Silicosis is a complex lung disease for which no successful treatment is available and therefore lung transplantation is a potential alternative. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of silicosis. TNFα signaling is mediated by the...

  • Silicosis in Dental Laboratory Technicians -- Five States, 1994--2000. Rosenman, K. D.; Pechter, E.; Schill, D. P.; Valiante, D. J.; Bresnitz, E. A.; Cummings, K. R.; Socie, E.; Filios, M. S. // MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;3/12/2004, Vol. 53 Issue 9, p195 

    Describes several cases of silicosis in the U.S. from 1994 to 2000 and underscores the need for employers of dental laboratory technicians to ensure appropriate control of worker exposure to crystalline silica. List of states that reported cases of silicosis; Identification and diagnosis of...

  • MEDICAL MONITORING AND SILICOSIS IN METAL MINERS: 1910-1940. Penrose, Beris // Labour History Review (Maney Publishing);Dec2004, Vol. 69 Issue 3, p285 

    During the first half of the twentieth century the world's experts in silicosis embraced the notion of health screening and strict medical surveillance of metal miners as a method of preventing the occupational lung disease silicosis. The promotion of medical monitoring represented a turning...

  • Silicosis among Gold Miners: Exposure-Response Analyses and Risk Assessment. Steenland, Kyle; Brown, David // American Journal of Public Health;Oct95, Vol. 85 Issue 10, p1372 

    Objectives. This study sought to estimate the risk of silicosis by cumulative exposure-years in cohort of miners exposed to silica as well as the lifetime risk of silicosis under the current. Occupational safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standard (0.09 mg/m³) Methods. In a cohort study...

  • Comparison of respiratory morbidity between present and ex-workers of quartz crushing units: Healthy workers' effect. Tiwari, Rajnarayan R.; Narain, Raj; Sharma, Y. K.; Kumar, Sunil // Indian Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Dec2010, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p87 

    Background: Quartz stone grinders are one such group of workers who are exposed to silica and thereby at risk of developing silicosis. However due to increased campaigning against silicosis the scenario has changed. Objectives: To compare the respiratory morbidities among the present quartz...

  • Prediction models and risk assessment for silicosis using a retrospective cohort study among workers exposed to silica in China. Tse, Lap Ah; Dai, Juncheng; Chen, Minghui; Liu, Yuewei; Zhang, Hao; Wong, Tze Wai; Leung, Chi Chiu; Kromhout, Hans; Meijer, Evert; Liu, Su; Wang, Feng; Yu, Ignatius Tak-sun; Shen, Hongbing; Chen, Weihong // Scientific Reports;6/19/2015, p11059 

    This study aims to develop a prognostic risk prediction model for the development of silicosis among workers exposed to silica dust in China. The prediction model was performed by using retrospective cohort of 3,492 workers exposed to silica in an iron ore, with 33 years of follow-up. We...

  • Silicosis prevention policies.  // Concrete Construction;Jun2006, Vol. 51 Issue 6, p22 

    The article provides information about silicosis and its prevention. Silicosis is a disabling disease involving scarring of lung tissue. Three types of the disease include acute, accelerated and chronic, depending on the concentration of respirable dust workers are exposed to. In preventing...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics