Speech Production in 12-Month-Old Children With and Without Hearing Loss

McGowan, Richard S.; Nittrouer, Susan; Chenausky, Karen
August 2008
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2008, Vol. 51 Issue 4, p879
Academic Journal
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare speech production at 12 months of age for children with hearing loss (HL) who were identified and received intervention before 6 months of age with those of children with normal hearing (NH). Method: The speech production of 10 children with NH was compared with that of 10 children with HL whose losses were identified ( better ear pure-tone average at 0.5, 1, and 2 kHz poorer than 50 dB HL) and whose intervention started before 6 months of age. These children were recorded at 12 months of age interacting with a parent. Three properties of speech production were analyzed: (a) syllable shape, (b) consonant type, and (c) vowel formant frequencies. Results: Children with HL had (a) fewer multisyllable utterances with consonants, (b) fewer fricatives and fewer stops with alveolar-velar stop place, and (c) more restricted front-back tongue positions for vowels than did the children with NH. Conclusion: Even when hearing loss is identified shortly after birth, children with HL do not develop speech production skills as their peers with NH do at 12 months of age. This suggests that researchers need to consider their approaches to early intervention carefully.


Related Articles

  • The Influence of Argument-Structure Complexity on the Use of Auxiliary Verbs by Children With SLI. Grela, Bernard G.; Leonard, Laurence B. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2000, Vol. 43 Issue 5, p1115 

    Presents a study which investigated the influence of argument-structure complexity on the omission of auxiliary be verbs in a group of children with specific language impairment. Review on related literature; Methodology of the study; Discussion of the results of the study.

  • The impact of universal newborn hearing screening on long-term literacy outcomes: a prospective cohort study. Pimperton, Hannah; Blythe, Hazel; Kreppner, Jana; Mahon, Merle; Peacock, Janet L.; Stevenson, Jim; Terlektsi, Emmanouela; Worsfold, Sarah; Ho Ming Yue; Kennedy, Colin R.; Yuen, Ho Ming // Archives of Disease in Childhood;Jan2016, Vol. 101 Issue 1, p9 

    Objective: To determine whether the benefits of universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) seen at age 8 years persist through the second decade.Design: Prospective cohort study of a population sample of children with permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI)...

  • The reliability of morphological analyses in language samples. Tommerdahl, Jodi; Kilpatrick, Cynthia D // Language Testing;Jan2014, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p3 

    It is currently unclear to what extent a spontaneous language sample of a given number of utterances is representative of a child’s ability in morphology and syntax. This lack of information about the regularity of children’s linguistic productions and the reliability of...

  • Speech, Vocabulary, and the Education of Children Using Cochlear Implants: Oral or Total Communication? Connor, Carol McDonald; Hieber, Sara; Arts, H. Alexander; Zwolan, Teresa A. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2000, Vol. 43 Issue 5, p1185 

    Presents a study which examined the relationship between the teaching method, oral or total communication, used at children's schools and children's consonant-production accuracy and vocabulary development over time. Methodology of the study; Statistical analyses of the data used in the study;...

  • DIAGNOSTIKA RANÉ SLOVNÍ ZÁSOBY RODIÄŒOVSKÝMI DOTAZNÍKY: PŘEHLED A PILOTNÍ STUDIE. Votavová, Klára; Smolík, Filip // Ceskoslovenska Psychologie;Jun2010, Issue 3, p301 

    The development of the lexicon and its structure is an essential indicator of the level of language acquisition and cognitive development. This paper summarizes the basic methods used in the research on lexical development, namely the analysis of spontaneous speech production, experimental...

  • GRADE 2 Reading Skills Practice Test.  // Scholastic News -- Edition 2;Jan2008, Vol. 64 Issue 4, Special section p1 

    A quiz about consonants and vowels is presented.

  • Spoken Language Scores of Children Using Cochlear Implants Compared to Hearing Age-Mates at School Entry. Geers, Ann E.; Moog, Jean S.; Biedenstein, Julia; Brenner, Christine; Hayes, Heather // Journal of Deaf Studies & Deaf Education;Summer2009, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p371 

    This study investigated three questions: Is it realistic to expect age-appropriate spoken language skills in children with cochlear implants (CIs) who received auditory-oral intervention during the preschool years? What characteristics predict successful spoken language development in this...

  • Looking Without Listening: Is Audition a Prerequisite for Normal Development of Visual Attention During Infancy? Spencer, Patricia Elizabeth // Journal of Deaf Studies & Deaf Education;Sep2000, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p291 

    Examines the effects of auditory and other communicative experience on development of visual attention in infants. Development of visual attention by deaf and hearing infants; Association between infants' hearing status and patterns of visual attention; Differences in time in various attention...

  • The Evidence for Universal Newborn Hearing Screening. Yoshinaga-Itano, Christie; Gravel, Judith S. // American Journal of Audiology;Dec2001, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p62 

    Reports on the need for the implementation of universal newborn hearing screening. Effects of late identification of hearing loss; Outcomes associated with early identification of hearing loss; Costs of hearing screening for newborn as of June 2001.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics