TITLE

Quantitative Contributions of the Muscles of the Tongue, Floor-of-Mouth, Jaw, and Velum to Tongue-to-Palate Pressure Generation

AUTHOR(S)
Palmer, Phyllis M.; Jaffe, Debra M.; McCulloch, Timothy M.; Finnegan, Eileen M.; Van Daele, Douglas J.; Luschei, Erich S.
PUB. DATE
August 2008
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2008, Vol. 51 Issue 4, p828
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the relationship between tongue-to-palate pressure and the electromyography (EMG) measured from the mylohyoid, anterior belly of the digastric, geniohyoid, medial pterygoid, velum, genioglossus, and intrinsic tongue muscles. Methods: Seven healthy adults performed tongue-to-palate pressure tasks at known percentages of their maximum pressure while intramuscular EMG was recorded from the muscles stated above. Multiple regression analysis was performed. Results: Predictors of pressure included the posterior fibers of the genioglossus, mylohyoid, anterior belly of digastric, medial pterygoid, and intrinsic tongue. Conclusions: Increasing tongue-to-palate pressure coincides with increased muscle activity. Activation of the floor-of-mouth, tongue, and jaw closing muscles increased tongue-to-palate pressure. These findings support the use of a tongue-press exercise to strengthen floor-of-mouth muscles, tongue, and jaw-closing muscles.
ACCESSION #
33336129

 

Related Articles

  • Pattern Behavior of Electromyography Signal During Arm Movements. Zunaidi, I.; Zulkarnain, Wan; Tarmizi, I.; Shahriman, A. B. // Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences;2014 Special, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p714 

    Electromyography (EMG) is widely used throughout the world for different study such as clinical diagnosis and for movement analysis. This paper presents the pattern behavior of recorded EMG signal from biceps and triceps during arm movements. The main point here is that muscle will elicit the...

  • Unconstrained three-dimensional reaching in Rhesus monkeys. Jindrich, Devin; Courtine, Gregoire; Liu, James; McKay, Heather; Moseanko, Rod; Bernot, Timothy; Roy, Roland; Zhong, Hui; Tuszynski, Mark; Reggie Edgerton, V. // Experimental Brain Research;Mar2011, Vol. 209 Issue 1, p35 

    To better understand normative behavior for quantitative evaluation of motor recovery after injury, we studied arm movements by non-injured Rhesus monkeys during a food-retrieval task. While seated, monkeys reached, grasped, and retrieved food items. We recorded three-dimensional kinematics and...

  • Dimensional change in soft tissues with complete dental prosthesis and its effect on airway space and natural head position. T. V., Padmanabhan; R., Fathima Banu; A., Mahalakshmi; Aziz, Abdul; Bohra, Suman; V., Anand Kumar // Indian Journal of Dental Research;Mar/Apr2015, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p144 

    Background: Insertion of the intraoral prosthesis causes deflection of the tongue, soft palate affecting the patency of the airway. Aims: To evaluate the cephalometric soft tissue variation in tongue, soft palate, and its effect on posterior airway space in edentulous patients with the insertion...

  • Lymphatic drainage of the tongue and the soft palate. Pan, Wei-Ren; le Roux, Cara Michelle; Levy, Sidney M.; Briggs, Christopher A. // European Journal of Plastic Surgery;Oct2010, Vol. 33 Issue 5, p251 

    To understand the lymphatic drainage patterns of the tongue and the soft palate with radiographs and photographs. Tissues of the tongue, the laryngopharynx, the trachea, and the esophagus from six unembalmed human cadavers were studied. Six percent hydrogen peroxide was used to find the vessels....

  • Combined effects of preceding muscle vibration and contraction on the tonic vibration reflex. Nakajima, Takayuki; Izumizaki, Masahiko; Sekihara, Chikara; Atsumi, Takashi; Homma, Ikuo // Experimental Brain Research;Jan2009, Vol. 192 Issue 2, p211 

    As a result of intrafusal thixotropy, muscle contraction at a short length followed by passive lengthening enhances the subsequent tonic vibration reflex (TVR). We studied the effects of muscle vibration, contraction, and their combination on the subsequent TVR in the left biceps in 20 healthy...

  • Activation amplitude patterns do not change for back muscles but are altered for abdominal muscles between dominant and non-dominant hands during one-handed lifts. Butler, Heather L.; Hubley-Kozey, Cheryl L.; Kozey, John W. // European Journal of Applied Physiology;May2009, Vol. 106 Issue 1, p95 

    It is assumed when lifting with the dominant hand that the relationship between contralateral and ipsilateral trunk muscle responses are similar to when lifting with the non-dominant hand. The purpose of this study was to quantify trunk muscle activation amplitude patterns during right- and...

  • Stiffness Regulation and Muscle-Recruitment Strategies of the Shoulder in Response to External Rotation Perturbations. Huxel, Kellie C.; Swanik, C. Buz; Swanik, Kathleen A.; Bartolozzi, Arthur R.; Hillstrom, Howard J.; Sitler, Michael R.; Moffit, Dani M. // Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume;Jan2008, Vol. 90-A Issue 1, p154 

    Background: The complex interactions between capsuloligamentous structures and muscle-recruitment strategies that maintain glenohumeral stability remain unclear. The purposes of the present study were to determine whether stiffness regulation and muscle-activation strategies differed under...

  • Alterations in Contractile Properties of Tongue Muscles in Old Rats. Ota, Fumikazu; Connor, Nadine P.; Konopacki, Richard // Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology;Oct2005, Vol. 114 Issue 10, p799 

    Objectives: Fatigue and weakness are well-known signs of aging that are related to sarcopenia, or loss of skeletal muscle mass, organization, and strength. Sarcopenia may affect swallowing. The tongue plays a vital role in swallowing, but there is limited knowledge regarding age-related changes...

  • Shoulder Muscles Activation in Physically Active Individuals of Young and Older Age Groups During Dynamic Activities : An Electromyographic Study. Gaur, Davinder Kumar; Shenoy, Shweta; Sandhu, Jaspal Singh // Indian Journal of Gerontology;2007, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p267 

    The article presents a study on the difference between shoulder muscle activation among diverse age groups. Young and older athletes were asked to participate in the said study. Electromyography (EMG) was used to track down signals of muscle fibers in the middle deltoid (MD), posterior deltoid...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics