Francis Jr., Peter
March 1984
Ornament;Mar84, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p29
This article discusses practical uses for ancient beads including spindle whorls, Indian "mani," and etched carnelian arrowheads, and also questions their ornamental value. The author discusses the use of the term "bead" within his previous articles, noting that, after further research, he no longer considers spindle whorls to be beads. He also speaks about whetstones, a type of touchstone found in the Middle East, that were made of Lydian and used to determine the metal content of alloys.


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