TITLE

Decreased Susceptibility to Plasmodium falciparum Infection in Pregnant Women with Iron Deficiency

AUTHOR(S)
R.^Kabyemela, Edward; Fried, Michal; D.^Kurtis, Jonathan; K.^Mutabingwa, Theonest; E.^Duffy, Patrick
PUB. DATE
July 2008
SOURCE
Journal of Infectious Diseases;7/15/2008, Vol. 198 Issue 2, p163
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Iron plus folate supplementation increases mortality and morbidity among children in areas of malaria endemicity in Africa, but the effects of supplementation on pregnant women in malaria-endemic areas remain unclear. In northeastern Tanzania, where malaria and iron deficiency are common, we found that placental malaria was less prevalent (8.5% vs. 47.3% of women; P<.0001) and less severe (median parasite density, 4.2% vs. 6.3% of placental red blood cells; P = .04) among women with iron deficiency than among women with sufficient iron stores, especially during the first pregnancy. Multivariate analysis revealed that iron deficiency (P<.0001) and multigravidity (P = .002) significantly decreased the risk of placental malaria. Interventional trials of iron and folate supplementation during pregnancy in malaria-endemic regions in Africa are urgently needed to ascertain the benefits and risks of this intervention.
ACCESSION #
33114350

 

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