TITLE

Resiliency in Adolescent Males in a Correctional Facility

AUTHOR(S)
Feinstein, Sheryl; Baartman, Jyl; Buboltz, Michelle; Sonnichsen, Kim; Solomon, Rebekka
PUB. DATE
June 2008
SOURCE
Journal of Correctional Education;Jun2008, Vol. 59 Issue 2, p94
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The objective of this qualitative study was to establish the existing positive factors in the lives of 18 juvenile males living in a low-security correctional facility in order to determine approaches which foster resiliency. Urie Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory, an approach to understanding human development within the context of the systems of relationship that form in the individual's environment, was the framework in which resiliency theory was examined. This study substantiated the existence of individual and environmental factors of resiliency. While it is optimal when all systems are supportive of the individual, it is not a prerequisite of resiliency. Internal resilient factors found in the program included building positive identity and having future expectations. Each of the adolescent males expressed qualities integrated in a positive self-concept. Although few boys believed they excelled in academics they were all able to find areas in which they excelled. The older boys were beginning to plan careers for their future and all boys wanted to earn their high school diploma. External resilient factors included consistency, structure, support, and good relationships between the adults in their lives. The staff at the correctional facility offered a consistent, structured daily schedule and gave emotional support. A behavior plan, based on positive behavior supports, Anger Management classes, and counseling supported the boys abilities to problem solve and attain social skills. The boys believed the program valued helping others, but few of them showed evidence of being empathetic. Many of the boys did not consider their peers as friends because of the revolving door nature of the correctional system; therefore the adults became extremely important influences. Recommendations to foster resiliency in adolescents in correctional facilities were made based upon the research.
ACCESSION #
33064403

 

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